Why You Should Give a Crap: a Tale of Two Toilets

The global statistics are staggering: 2.4 billion people do not have access to a toilet or latrine. About a billion of them have to defecate in the open, which often leads to serious public health problems. And more than half of the schools in the developing world lack private toilets.Oxfam is currently providing water and sanitation support in Nepal, following the earthquake. Anu Shrestra age 24 (not pictured) lives with her mother, daughter, husband and 15 other people in a tarpaulin shelter amongst potato fields in Sankhu, Nepal. She told us: "We are really struggling living here. I don't feel safe going to the toilet at night and the children are scared when the wind blows against the tarpaulin. It's cold and when it rains it's awful." Photo credit: Kieran Doherty/ Oxfamwritten by Melanie Gallant, Oxfam Canada Media Officer, and Victoria Hopkins, Oxfam Canada Humanitarian Officer Does this sound familiar: You rush to use the ladies room during the intermission, thinking you will beat the crowd, only to find that an incredibly long lineup has already formed outside the door It's frustrating, but most of the time the only thing we can really complain about is the absence of a lineup in front of the men's room. In Canada, chances are the bathroom will be clean, with private stalls and soap and water to wash your hands. Some fancier places might even have little wall dispensers selling tampons, menstrual pads, and other hygiene supplies.Sadly, that is not the case for millions of women and girls living in the developing world. In rural Sierra Leone for example, a country where more people have access to a cell phone than a working toilet, girls live in fear of going to school while menstruating. They are faced with bleeding through their clothes or using a dirty toilet with no privacy, often located behind the school. The girls who choose to use the toilet will most likely not have soap or water to wash their hands. Nor will they have anywhere to throw out their menstrual pads or cloths. Many will choose to stay home, missing school days (if they are lucky enough to go to school) and falling behind on their education (if they are lucky enough to have access to an education), increasing their risk of early marriage of teenage pregnancy. In urban slum areas, a girl might have to use the same dirty public toilet as hundreds of other people before going to school in the morning, with nothing but newspaper or old rags to clean herself. And imagine for a moment that you were displaced because war broke out in your hometown, finding yourself in a refugee camp. You're a 15-year-old girl and you've been menstruating for days. Culturally, it's not appropriate for you to expose and relieve yourself in public, or wash your sanitary cloths and undergarments. To do this you need to hide yourself and find privacy on the outskirts of the camp, where sexual violence is a very real danger and you risk being attacked. Photo: Oxfam International November 19th is World Toilet Day, a United Nations day to mark the importance of clean water and safe sanitation. The global statistics are staggering: 2.4 billion people do not have access to a toilet or latrine. About a billion of them have to defecate in the open, which often leads to serious public health problems. And more than half of the schools in the developing world lack private toilets.Everyone deserves access to toilets and proper sanitation -- that's a basic human right. Toilets and proper sanitation are key in preventing diseases like cholera, and in fighting poverty and inequality. But as we know, it is often women and girls who are impacted the most -- including their health, safety, education and future economic prospects. One in three women worldwide risk shame, disease, harassment and even attack because they have nowhere safe to go to the toilet. Women and girls living without any toilets spend 97 billion hours each year finding a place to go.The good news is that improving access to adequate sanitation and hygiene for the billions without -- including women and girls -- is ambitious, but it's not a pipe dream. Since 1990, over 2 billion people have gained access to toilets and other improved sanitation facilities. There is now an international how-to manual for emergency aid workers that lays out the issues and practical steps they must take to ensure women's sexual and reproductive health and rights, including menstrual health and sanitation -- an important part of preventing gender based violence in emergencies. We're doing it, but we're not quite there.At Oxfam, World Toilet Day is an opportunity to highlight these issues, but also the solutions and resources we need to make sure that the human right to sanitation becomes a reality. And that more people give a crap.---If you want to fight for the rights of women and girls, start thinking about toilets. Find out how you can make a difference today, at oxfamunwrapped.caAlso on HuffPost:

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7 Reasons Dudes Should Be the Ones to Put the Toilet Seat Back Down  Every. Single. Time.
7 Reasons Dudes Should Be the Ones to Put the Toilet Seat Back Down Every. Single. Time.
7 Reasons Dudes Should Be The Ones To Put The Toilet Seat Back Down — Every. Single. Time.However, if you take one second to flick the toilet seat back down after you pee, you are not exposing yourself to any new germs that you did not already touch while flicking the seat up. And you are also preventing your female housemate from touching the seat, thereby exposing her to toilet germs — which, if they make her sick, can potentially be transmitted to you at a later date (particularly if she is a "lady-friend," rather than just a lady who is a friend).— — — — — —Why do white women leave blood on the toilet seat?All women menstrate, its just black women dont as much as most are pregnant 90% of the time— — — — — —I Need a Good, Safe Practical Joke?Saran wrap on the toilet seat. OMG its amazing. NO. get 2 chickens and tape a sign on each one, make one of them have the number 1 and the other number 3 Then he will go crazy looking for number 2— — — — — —How can I replace a toilet seat?You can buy one at home depot.They come with installing instructions— — — — — —Should the toilet seat be left up or down?down and make shure you piss all over the seat!! muhhahahahahahaha— — — — — —Can you catch the flu from a toilet seat?u201cCan you catch the flu from a toilet seat?u201dWhat a bizarre and weird question to ask. Someone is clearly bored.OK, letu2019s attempt to answer this as normally as possible.If someone with one of the many strains of influenza were to cough or sneeze on the toilet seat of either a public toilet or one shared by someone in their own home, and then another person were to lick the toilet seatu2026 Then yes you can catch the flu from a toilet seat. Otherwise, no you canu2019t. But youu2019re welcome to go and lick some toilet seats if you like and come back to us with the results.Can you catch the flu from a toilet seat?— — — — — —I can't insert a tampon in..? HELP PLEASE?there are directions in the box that come with pictures, basically try putting you foot on the toilet seat and put it in the hole. the as you push in bend your knee to help it go all the way in until you feel comfortable— — — — — —A question for GIRLS that wear tampons ONLY!?Try a slim or regular to begin. I love Playtex Sport, but you can try whatever brand you like. Push the applicator in until you can not feel it. When you try to put it in make sure you are standing with one foot on the toilet seat (believe me, it helps in the beginning). Make sure you attempt to insert it during a time when your flow is somewhat heavy. If you do not , you will be dry and it will hurt— — — — — —Why are women so crabby when they are wrong about something??Put the toilet seat down you nasty! YOU put it up, why do I gotta put it down? This IS a matter of respect. If you take out the peanut butter, put it back! You were not raised in a barn!— — — — — —How do Girls get the toilet seat wet?probably they peed to late or they were sitting a bit too far from the toilet seat— — — — — —Would you mind pointing out the Pros and Cons of crapping while in the bathtub?pro- you do not get the toilet seat wet, and you have a toy ship to play with con- some turds do not float so you have to pretend they are a submarine.— — — — — —why do men stay single?So they do not have to put the toilet seat down,or go through the entire house at night turning lights off ,or— — — — — —Toilet seatToilet seats are manufactured in a range of different styles and colors, and they may be furnished matching the style of the toilet itself. They are usually built to fit the shape of the toilet bowl: two examples of this being the elongated bowl and the regular bowl. Some toilet seats are fitted with slow-closing hinges to reduce noise by preventing them from slamming against the bowl.— — — — — —Why do men think they have to pee standing up at home?Because we are MEN. And that is how MEN roll. Seriously though, if your (husband/boyfriend/son/other male roommate) pees on the toilet seat, just ask him about it. Maybe he's being polite (and somewhat lazy) by keeping the seat down for you.
How to Choose a Toilet Seat
How to Choose a Toilet SeatBath Royale's Premium and Superior models are made of polypropylene, a softer plastic that is lighter and more flexible than other toilet seat materials. It's beautiful, high-gloss finish will last for years with proper care and cleaning, but scratches relatively easily (avoid abrasives and hard sharp objects). Polypropylene is softer and warmer to touch than painted wood or Eurocast . Eurocast - Bath Royale's MasterSuite seats are made of Eurocast , a high-tech polymer plastic that is extremely durable and scratch resistant. Eurocast is heavier, harder and stiffer than polypropylene. Eurocast is cooler to touch than polypropylene and breathes better against the skin, which may be preferred in warmer, humid climates or for people who spend a lot of time on the toilet. MasterSuite bumpers are rubberized (slip-resistant) and strategically placed for stability. For those who are above average weight and like to sit (and move around) on the closed cover, MasterSuite is the best choice.— — — — — —if men has to put down the toilet seat for women, shouldn't women have to put it up for men?We keep the toilet seat down because both men and women poop sitting down— — — — — —How to quickly warm up a toilet seatThe ultimate solution for this is a electric bidet toilet seat. It's awesome and reduce the using of toilet tissue paper as well as your cost— — — — — —Leaving the toilet seat up, really whats the big deal?What is the big deal about having to put the toilet seat down? You put it up there, you should put it down— — — — — —If your toilet seat could talk what would it say?it may be much extra complicated if the rest room seat became a mobius strip. There could be in basic terms one ingredient. it may additionally be uncomfortable because it may be impossible to discern which ingredient is the splendid and it quite is the backside. Is it up or is it down. How can we probably take factors if there is in basic terms one ingredient? Kirby might desire to get a grip. (Kirby grip = Bobby pin.) undesirable humorous tale i understand, whether it relatively is not any humorous tale insulting someones dad and mom like that. it relatively is downright incorrect!— — — — — —Why is it that the women that insist on NOT sitting on the the toilet seat?excellent point. they are so afraid of touching a dirt hadle.that they dont flush.ewww. use your foot.and put toilet paper down. grrr— — — — — —Are Toilet Seat sizes different internationally?I believe they are making them 3 feet around for overweight Americans these days, but everyone else seems to use the same size— — — — — —could i have caught gonorrhea from a toilet seat?no,becouse if u dont sex with gonorea person the disease not get u— — — — — —Why do women insist that men put the toilet seat down?why do men insist on leaving the toilet seat up? although you make a minor case for yourself - it's still common courtesy to put it down because that's where it belongs. kids and women both sit - and men sit 1/3 of the time, so put it down already!— — — — — —My toilet seat is messed up?no sounds like your toilet seat is loose or broken, you can buy a new toilet seat for like $15 at wal mart real easy to change— — — — — —Why can't women put the toilet seat up when they finish in the bathroom?Etiquette AND respect shows that you let the toilet seat down for the next person. Sorry for lame question my account was suspended DATHIP: 1,301 pts and i am very upset— — — — — —I cant get my broken toilet seat off?Been there and had to make two trips to the hardware store to buy two pairs of Vise Grips to solve it. The hardware is usually in an almost impossible place to reach and requires the dexterity of a rhesus monkey in order to get a grip on it. I've had success with this problem using two sets of locking pliers because then you can concentrate on turning the mangled nut and not worry so much about keeping the pliers on them. Go very carefully with any type of saw as a toilet is basically a very large porcelain teacup and quite easy to break. Another solution would be to drill the bolts out from above. Start with a small drill bit and work your way up to a larger one. The bolts are made of polyester or nylon and quite soft, but again, you have to be careful not to damage the porcelain because it is very thin where the seat bolts in. If you are easily frustrated, or it's too late for that, maybe take a break until you can do this when calm because it's very easy to break or crack the toilet if you get overzealous. I do not mind complicated, difficult projects, but when simple ones become something other than easy, like a stuck toilet seat or an oil filter that wo not budge, then it can be extremely frustrating. And if you have someone at your house who offers criticism or even an opinion, it can be even more so. Try two sets of Vise Grips, but do not rule out the monkey.
Great Bathroom Organizers for Large Families
Keeping the bathroom clean is a big enough job when it's only used by one person. When an entire family has to share a bathroom, it can quickly become a gigantic mess. Wet towels hang all over the place. Toothbrushes are piled into a dingy glass. Soaps and shampoos jockey for position on every available ledge, nook and cranny in the shower. Dozens of unidentifiable balms, creams, and moisturizers litter the windowsill. And the medicine cabinet...good heavens the medicine cabinet....Trying to keep a disorganized bathroom clean is a lost cause. When you don't have anywhere to put your things, they are going to end up everywhere. The best way to maintain a tidy bathroom is with practical space saving organizers. Here are a few examples of products that will ensure not only that your bathroom gets clean, but that it stays that way too.Toothbrush OrganizerGoing into someone else's bathroom and seeing a bunch of toothbrushes piled into a toothpaste-stained coffee mug is just plain gross. But having everybody's toothbrushes leaning against each other is basically pretending that germs don't exist. Well, they do. This sensible toothbrush organizer has four separate slots, ensuring that if one person in your family has the flu, it doesn't necessarily mean everybody else is going to get it too. This unit is easily installed with a vinyl bracket that requires no glue or hardware and leaves no surface damage if you want to move it. It can even be hung in the shower if you want to save water by brushing your teeth while you shower. No matter where you put it, this toothbrush organizer belongs somewhere in every family's bathroom.Touch-N-Brush Toothpaste DispenserPerfect to hang right next to your toothbrush organizer, the Touch-N-Brush toothpaste dispenser provides just the right amount of toothpaste with the touch of a button. You can easily fill and refill it with any size or brand of toothpaste. Two suction cups mean it can be attached to any smooth surface in seconds. By hanging your toothbrushes and toothpaste you are also freeing up more space by your sink, making it easier than ever to clean. The Touch-N-Brush was also designed to include vacuum technology, which forces out every little bit of toothpaste. Save space and minimize the mess around your sink with the Touch-N-Brush toothpaste dispenser.Toilet Tank TableNot quite as odious as the shared toothbrush cup, but still pretty icky in its own right, is the bathroom sin of keeping things on top of the tank of your toilet. Yes, it has many similarities to a shelf. It is flat, stable, and you can put stuff on it. That doesn't mean that you should. The toilet tank table is a perfect solution to minimizing clutter without precariously balancing bath products on top of the toilet. The dimensions of the table are 27 ½ X 36 X 9" so it will hover overtop of every normal toilet. It is a great place to keep tissues, spare toilet paper, or other bath products, and the sleek and simple white laminated wood design will spruce up any bathroom.Twelve Foot Chrome Corner Shower CaddyWhen multiple people end up sharing the same shower, shelves and surface space are forever at a premium. Inter-family battles will rage, pitting brother against brother, husband against wife. Proactively stop these fights before they happen with this convenient shower caddy. The chrome pole extends all the way up to twelve feet and locks into place. It has four sturdy shelves, a sponge hook, and a cloth rack so there is plenty of room for everybody's shower supplies. The shelves also incorporate slats so that water seeps through and soap dries out. Keep your bath products organized and your family life drama-free with this practical product.Over Door Two Basket Towel RackAnother great way to maximize unused space in any bathroom is with this multi-basket and towel rack, which hooks right over the back of your door. Everyone who has to share a bathroom knows that having lots of places to hang towels is essential. This organizer accounts for that need but features the added bonus of two metal wire shelves on which you can store hair dryers, tissues, toilet paper, or extra soap and shampoo. For big families who need to make the most out of every little bit of space in their bathroom, this space saver is a must-have.Being a part of a large family is a wonderful blessing. There is always someone there to talk to and count on. Of course, there is also always someone there that you can fight with and pick on. With a properly organized bathroom you can't prevent every little spat between family members. Inevitably, someone will still always be taking too long in the shower, or forgetting to replace the toilet paper. But at least when you finally get your turn in the bathroom, everything will be in order.
6 Baby Wipes in the Toilet Help!!!!!?
Run down to WalMart and buy a plunger for $5.991. what is the difference between non-sence baby wipe and scented baby wipes?????fragrance vs no fragrance2. is there any baby wipes and diapers designed especialy for babies whos skin r really sensitive?My son had to wear cloth diapers. It's really not as hard as it seems. And it is worth little one not having a sore bottom!3. Question about baby wipes and my 4 year old?you can use them as long as you want. there's no harm4. Family cloth/baby wipes?I see them range for around 60 cents to 80 cents5. Decorated Baby Wipes Case? Can someone tell me how to make it?The ones with fabric are probably padded, so that's why you do not see air bubbles. You would use a trim of some sort to cover the edges of the fabric. Or you could do it with no padding or trim, but iron a stiff interfacing onto the fabric so the bumps of the label wo not show through. Then just put it on with a thin, even layer of white glue. .6. Baby wipes ?Using wipes that are fragrance-free or for sensitive skin is always a good precaution. Lanisoa( I think that's what there called), are good especially for breast-fed babies7. Is it safe to use baby wipes on your vagina?-Well they ARE supposed to be "Sanitary"- after all... -So why not ?! :)8. should i not use baby wipes on a newborn?There are recipes online to make your own, but you can totally use commercial wipes on a newborn. The problem we found with our daughter was that the regular wipes were too harsh. They had way too much liquid on them and gave her diaper rash. Try Pampers sensitive wipes. They've really helped.9. Can you use baby wipes on newborns?yes you can.. do not listen to her. there is no reason not to use them. Yes the sensitive ones are better( more comfy) to the child but you can use any of them that you would like10. How can I bathe my hamster?well wipe it down with a wet rag or just get like big enuff bowl for it to fit in and do it like that or get baby wipes that might help alot and u might wanna take it to a vet or put some antibiotic cream on its eye11. my daughter has sensative skin what kind of baby wipes should i use?Pampers sensitive with Aloe. They are also the cheapest where i shop, cheaper than the generic brands (which is weird) But they are very sensitive12. Are Huggies Gentle Care Sensitive Skin Baby Wipes flushable?This Site Might Help You. RE: Are Huggies Gentle Care Sensitive Skin Baby Wipes flushable? We have a septic system and I can't find if these are flushable or not for any system. They don't say on the box. Thank you so much for any help you can give. Have an AMAZING week.13. Which baby wipes do you like best and why?i use the walmart wipes because they are inexpensive and do not bother her skin, but i like the staggered ones that pop up best because they are easier to get out when you are changing a diaper14. help with a newborn kitty!?get box to place it. Try to put warm clothes or an old towel to keep it warm. If your are planning to keep it, as soon as possible get this: training pads
Meet Poo and Pee. Metro Vancouver Introduces Mascots
The regional government of Canada's third-largest metropolitan area has launched a video campaign introducing mascots Poo and Pee to drive home a message about improper flushing.The costumed mascots are part of Metro Vancouver's annual Unflushables campaign to remind people about items that should not be flushed because they can clog city sewers and your pipes.Problem items that can lead to trouble with municipal and residential pipes when flushed include dental floss, hair, paper towels, tampons and applicators, as well ascondoms, according to the regional government.Coquitlam Mayor Richard Stewart, the chair of the region's utilities commission, was present April 1 for an event with the mascots at Waterfront station in Vancouver.Video of the event was posted this week.Poo and Pee starring in: we're all you can flush"Our sewage system doesn't get enough respect," said Stewart as mascot Pee danced behind him."We want people only to flush the pee and the poo, because there's a whole bunch of stuff that gets flushed down the toilet that doesn't belong there."'He is absolutely freaking horrifying': Meet Gritty, the mascot Philadelphia didn't know it neededThe 2019 campaign is reminding people that many products labelled "flushable" actually leave unfortunate, long-lasting deposits in the local sewer system.Metro Vancouver cited research by Ryerson University that found only 11 of 101 tested "flushable" products actually met international flushable specifications. And those products were all toilet paper.So long, Frozen John: a moose with attitude is coming for the job of Fort St. John's official mascotA spokesperson for Metro Vancouver said the costumescost less than $10,000 to make. The cost of improper items being flushed, he added, adds up to $250 million across Canada.This is not the first time dress-up droppings have been used in a campaign for sewage awareness.Flush with sewage success, Victoria icon Mr. Floatie retiresIn Victoria, Mr. Floatie was an ignominious icon protesting the Capital Regional District's decades-long practice of dumping raw sewage into its surrounding waters.James Skwarok, who invented and hadportrayed Mr. Floatiesince 2004 retired his alter-ego in 2017 onceconstruction was underway on the region's new sewage treatment plant.
What Should I Do? My Glass Eyeball Fell Out and Rolled into the Toilet?
What should I do? My glass eyeball fell out and rolled into the toilet?calling an ambulance would be nice— — — — — —Why can't Republicans understand that Health Care is a basic Human Right that the Govt. should provide?Do not foget the ambulance ride - every time I have a headache, someone should be FORCED to take me to the hospital in an ambulance, complete with sirens and flashing lights Do not own an ambulance - not my problem, you should be FORCED to go out and buy one, they are only about $100K or so. What is the big deal. Repulicans are such selfish morons— — — — — —What do people do when they see a homeless person who is unconscious from drugs and they donu2019t know whatu2019s best to do or who to contact, after asking a security guard for help he said itu2019s pointless no one will do anything so donu2019t bother?Call 911....and ask for an ambulance— — — — — —What would you do if you caught me burglarizing your house?Call an ambulance for you after the dogs tear you apart— — — — — —When someone calls EMS for ambulance, why is a fire truck sent too?Mostly because, on average, they will get there quicker. There are more of them. In addition, more people are often needed for forcible entry, extrication, assessing/treating multiple patients, or carrying patients out. Just getting a moderate-sized adult on a backboard requires four people.— — — — — —What's the career name of an ambulance driver?There is no such thing as an ambulance driver. You will need to be at the least EMT certified and still be able to perform life saving measures. Also paramedics do not just help you get on a gurney. Paramedics are able to intubate, start IV's, deep suction, use Magill forceps, manual defib, and perform hundreds of other treatments. Yes, we do drive an ambulance, but that's not all we do— — — — — —my husband choked me and I shot him in the leg?If this just happened call an ambulance and the police then call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-787-3224— — — — — —How can I safely knock myself out?name an ambulance and leap off a 3 tale constructing if the have an effect on doesnt kill then you definitely you've got round five-10 of peaceable good comma... (for those who couldent inform i used to be being sarcastic and your retarded)— — — — — —25 Field Ambulance25 (Toronto) Field Ambulance (25 Fd Amb), formerly 25 (Toronto) Medical Company, is a Canadian Forces Primary Reserve (militia) medical unit in Toronto, Ontario. The company-strength formation is part of 4 Health Services Group, which is headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. It is the only Primary Reserve medical unit in Toronto. The unit has a medical company, a services support company, and an HQ element. The unit parades out of Moss Park Armoury and is tasked with providing medical support to 32 Canadian Brigade Group. Members of the unit have served on various UN and NATO missions around the world, including Cyprus, Bosnia and the former Yugoslavia, Haiti, the Sudan and for the Canadian component of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan.— — — — — —Do patients ever walk into an ambulance or do they always get put in on a stretcher?A2AHere if they can walk and want to we allow them if they so desire however we still place them on the stretcher in the ambulance as it has the best "seatbelt" we can give them— — — — — —I just got a tattoo and went in the sun?Better ring an ambulance— — — — — —Medical costs for me to ride in an ambulance for panic attack?I live in California but the cost here averages between $800-$1000. This is just for the ambulance ride. I could not begin to guess how much the tests & ER treatment would come to though. Good luck to you. :)— — — — — —Is it illegal for EMT's to go Code 3 in private ambulance companies?I do not know about the laws in your state, but here in New Mexico all the ambulance services can run code 3. The service has to have the proper insurance and the drivers must have a class E license. I have been an EMT for 7 years now. We run code 3 TO all calls, but I have only transported patients code 3 twice in my entire career. Most of the time it is simply not needed and it puts the patient at additional risk. I do agree with you about the lights. If your company cannot use them then I will bet it's not legal for them to have them either. Sorry to hear about your suspension, good luck!
All in with Chris Hayes, Transcript 03/26/15
(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE) CHRIS HAYES, MSNBC HOST (voice-over): Tonight on ALL IN. UNIDENTIFIED MALE (through translator): Hes knocking, hes asking to be let in. Zero response from the copilot. HAYES: The Germanwings crash becomes criminal. Mass murder now suspected as cockpit audio suggests the co-pilot deliberately crashed into the Alps. Well have the latest on the stunning developments from France. Then, mapping out the Middle East after Saudi Arabia begins dropping bombs on Yemen. Plus, shades of Rodney King. A police beating caught on dash cam in suburban Detroit. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I didnt do anything. HAYES: The man in that video joins me tonight. And it is a bathroom fad causing headaches for sewer systems across America. (on camera): And you can see, those are all wipes, right? UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Wipes just get everywhere. (voice-over): An ALL IN investigation into Americas newfound love affair with moist personal wipes. (on camera): Disgusting! That is so disgusting! (voice-over): ALL IN starts right now. (END VIDEOTAPE) HAYES: Good evening from New York. Im Chris Hayes. A stunning development today in the crash of Germanwings Flight 9525. The co-pilots intention was, apparently, to, quote, “destroy the aircraft.” That the assertion of the chief French prosecutor overseeing the criminal investigation of the crash, Bryce Robin, who described often in great detail what he says happened in the final 30 minutes of the flight, based on the audio from the planes cockpit voice recorder and the transcript of that audio. Quoting “The New York Times” translation of todays press conference, “During the first 20 minutes, the pilots talked normally,” Mr. Robin said, saying they spoke in a cheerful and courteous way. “There is nothing abnormal happening,” he said. The pilot, whose name has not yet been released, was preparing a standard landing plan for Dusseldorf and the pilot asked the co-pilot to take over and sounds indicate that the pilot left the cabin and the cockpit door closed. “At this stage,” quoting again, “the co-pilot is in control alone,” the prosecutor said. “It is when he is alone that the co-pilot manipulates the flight monitoring system to activate the descent of the plane.” The prosecutor said, “This action could only have been voluntary.” And then later, “The captain is heard pleading to get back into the cockpit, but the co-pilot, heard breathing normally until the plane crashes, does not react. You can hear the commanding pilot ask for access to the cockpit several times,” the prosecutor says. “He identifies himself, but the co-pilot does not provide any answer.” It should be noted that the Airbus 320 mechanism for the cockpit door allowed someone inside the cockpit to lock the door in such a way that the normal procedure for getting in from outside the cockpit is disabled for five minutes, as depicted in the Airbus training video. The video also shows an emergency procedure for gaining access to the cockpit if the pilot is incapacitated. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) NARRATOR: The captain moves the toggle switch to the lock position. The open light remains extinguished. Now if we look at the code pad, the red light is lit, confirming the door is locked. Be careful, automatic door opening, the code pad, and the buzzer are inhibited for five minutes. Obtaining no response, she decides to use the emergency access procedure. On the code pad, she enters the emergency code, then presses the hash key. This triggers the timer for 30 seconds. The green light on the code pad flashes, indicating imminent unlocking. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: Just before the crash, passengers could be heard screaming, according to the French prosecutor. As noted by Lufthansas chief executive Carsten Spohr, quote, “When one person is responsible for 150 lives, it is more than suicide.” And of course, there is now heightened, intense scrutiny on the young co-pilot who apparently brought the plane down on purpose. His name, we learned today, is Andreas Lubitz and he had, according to Lufthansa, passed medical and psychological tests. Today, investigators searched his parents home for possible evidence. And joining me now, NBC News correspondent Claudio Lavanga. Claudio, what do we know about Mr. Lubitz? Is there any indication of any possible motive? CLAUDIO LAVANGA, NBC NEWS CORRESPONDENT: Well, this is exactly the problem, Chris. There is just none. This is a man that we understand, especially from local reports, from a small town in Germany, that he had a childhood dream and that was to fly. Since he was in elementary school, he said that thats what he wanted to do. He worked hard to do it. He started training at Lufthansa in 2008. He started as a flight attendant and he just worked his way up to becoming what he just wanted to become, a pilot. He just finally realized his dream about a year and a half ago, when Germanwings, the budget airline from Lufthansa, gave him a job as a co-pilot. Hes clocked 630 hours of flying. This just sounds like someone whos realized his dream. So theres no indication on why, at least on the professional level, why he would do something like that. On the personal level, as you said, he did pass all the psychological tests. The person, the neighbors that were interviewed today from local papers said he was a nice boy, and Im just quoting a local newspaper there. They kept saying that this was his dream job. We do have a bit of a record there that may explain he had some dark side, if you may call it like that. About six years ago, he took six months off his training because of a burnout syndrome. Some kind of depression, but the authorities say that they may not build any link between that, which was six years ago, and what he did on Tuesday. Of course, theyre not leaving any stone unturned. They are looking at his history, his background, they are interviewing the pilots that worked with him in the last weeks and months, to see whether they have any indications of any strange anomalies, any strange behavior, something he might have told them that may just explain why he did that. HAYES: NBC News correspondent, Claudio Lavanga, thank you, Claudio. All right. Joining me now, Michael Goldfarb. Hes former FAA chief of staff. And, Michael, theres so much to get to here. MICHAEL GOLDFARB, FORMER FAA CHIEF OF STAFF: Yes, where to start. Right. HAYES: So, maybe lets – before we get to the possible motivation for this, or precedent for this, lets just talk for a second about the cockpit door and protocol there. I mean, obviously, one of the big safety concerns after 9/11 was the impregnability of the cockpit. And we did see a real design shift and protocol shift, not just in the U.S. and around the world, right, around making that cockpit as much as a fortress as possible. GOLDFARB: Well, you know, in the United States, certainly, but some places around the world, not quite as much. But the thinking, as you said, after 9/11 was, we need to protect the cockpit from the cabin. This turns that equation on its head. We may need to protect the cabin from the cockpit. That fundamentally changes the security threat. So, here we have a situation, and, you know, from what we know, the voice recorder obviously, clearly, he intentionally did this. And then we had data streaming that led us to understand exactly what he did. I mean, he was a smart opportunist in that sense. Right after cruising altitude, he probably either knew the captain would go to the restroom or its pretty much standard practice. He took advantage of that. And the Airbus plane has a flight management system, so it overrides pilot action. Thats why that very unclear – that very puzzling descent that most aviation experts couldnt figure out. He took it down within the speed and within the speed, so the flight management system would not override it, and he programmed to it 100 feet, because the flight management system will not allow the Airbus 320 to go under that. So, I mean, this was methodical. And had he not – had the captain not left, he may have chosen another flight at a later date. HAYES: So, heres another question about this. And maybe this is a dumb question, but Ill ask anyway. Im a little unclear how based on the streaming data plus the vocal recordings, they can be sure who is the pilot and who is the co-pilot in this scenario. GOLDFARB: Well, they probably know the voices of the two. So, you know – theyre pretty – I mean, this was a stunning announcement. I mean, to come out three days after – HAYES: Yes! GOLDFARB: – “The New York Times” report, I mean, normally these speculative reports really do damage to investigations, because investigators have to chase each new lead. To have the German authorities come out and say, we know that he brought the plane down, I mean, thats – they know that. They know the voice profile. So, thats not as surprising. But Ill tell you, Im not sure going forward what we do to fix this. You know, theres the cosmetic. You know, the whole notion of two people in the cockpit at any and all times, right? So, if one leaves, you have a flight attendant that comes in. That was primarily for medical reasons, if someone had a heart attack. Thats why that was put in there. So, now, we have airlines saying, tomorrow morning, were going to do that. You know, thats not really sufficient. And, Chris, heres why things dont change after the horrific year – I mean, people are scared. I mean, statistics show otherwise, but theyre on the edge of their seat. But the regulators use those statistics and heres what they are: 1 in 25 million chances of being killed in a plane crash. That means if you got in a plane every day for 365 years a day, it would be 63,000 years before you would be involved. So, when they look at that, when the regulators, FAA or otherwise – they say, you know, we cant put in major changes to how we do business, because these accidents are so rare. HAYES: Well, and one of the things, I think, to look for as this investigation plays out is that in previous incidents in which theres heavy suspicion that, indeed, it was a pilot murder/suicide, theres always a certain degree to which its very hard to definitively ascertain why they did it. GOLDFARB: Yes. HAYES: So, we may not have – it feels like there should be some satisfying diary entry somewhere, where we learn, but we may not. GOLDFARB: And EgyptAir, there was a pilot suicide, and the Egyptians still disagree with the NTSB and the State Department on the nature of that crash. HAYES: Michael Goldfarb, thank you. Always very informative. Really appreciate it. GOLDFARB: Thanks. Youre welcome. HAYES: A police dash cam captures a very ugly scene in Michigan, as white police officers pull a black man from his vehicle and beat him bloody. Ill talk to the man you see there on the ground, being beaten, ahead. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) HAYES: In February, longtime North Carolina basketball coach Dean Smith passed away at the age of 83. But the love he had for his players lives on. Coach Smith, through his trust, left $200 to every letterman, that is players who played a certain amount of games, during his time as head coach of the school. The example that made its way around the Internet today was a letter addressed to former Carolina player, Dante Calabria. It reads in part, quote, “Enjoy a dinner out compliments of coach Dean Smith. Enclosed is a check in the amount of $200.” The trustee tells espn.com that the checks were sent out on Monday to about 180 lettermen. Many of Dean Smiths players went on to have successful NBA careers, including that guy, the man widely considered to be the greatest basketball player, if not greatest athlete of all time. In his 36 seasons as head coach, Dean Smith won 879 games, had 11 final four appearances, and two national championships. But one of the things Ill always remember about Coach Smith is something he once told writer John Feinstein about helping to de-segregate restaurants in North Carolina in the late 50s. “You should never be proud of doing the right thing. You should just do the right thing.” (COMMERCIAL BREAK) HAYES: Protesters tonight are vowing to shut down the Detroit suburb of Inkster after dash cam video emerges showing an African-American man severely beaten by white police officers after a traffic stop. Fifty-seven-year-old retired auto worker Floyd Dent who worked for Ford for 37 years and who has no criminal history was driving in Inkster in January when he was pulled over by police for a traffic violation, as seen on this police dash cam video. A warning: what your about to see is very disturbing. As police approach Dents car, Dent opens the door, prompting an officer to raise his weapon. After a brief exchange, during which officers claim Dent appeared to be reaching for something in the vehicle and said to them, quote, “Ill kill you”, another officer pulls the retired auto worker out of the vehicle and pushes him to the ground. The first officer then puts Dent in a choke hold, and then starts to punch him, repeatedly, in the head, as the second officer struggles to put Dent in handcuffs. In the video, you can see Dent being punched in the head 16 times. A few minutes – moments later, more officers arrive on the scene, including one who tases Dent in his thigh and stomach, as he is lying on the ground. A police report indicates that Dent was also kicked at least twice during his arrest. Dent says he spent three days in the hospital, with injuries that included broken ribs, an orbital fracture and blood on his brain. Police claimed in their report that Dent was, quote, “very hostile” to officers on the scene. They said they found crack cocaine beneath the passenger seat of Dents car. Police charged Dent with assault, resisting arrest, and possession of cocaine. Dent says the drugs were planted. He says the hospital blood test showed no drugs in his system, no weapons were found in his possession, police had no audio record of his alleged threat to kill them, and although the officer who put Dent in a choke hold and punched him repeatedly says Dent bit him, that officer, William Melendez, indicated on the police report that he was not injured and has no official record of having been bitten. Melendez has been accused of impropriety in the past. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) REPORTER: Officer Melendez, the one seen throwing the punches, is the same officer while working as a Detroit police officer in 2003, was charged by the U.S. attorneys office with planting evidence and falsifying reports. A jury found Officer Melendez not guilty. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: After seeing the video, a judge threw out most of the charges against Dent, though he still faces the drug charge. Yesterday, protesters in Inkster, which is 73 percent African-American, rallied at the Inkster police department and called for the officers involved to be fired. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) REV. CHARLES WILLIAMS II, PRESIDENT, NATIONAL ACTION NETWORK MICHIGAN: This is blatant police brutality. Towns like Inkster, all over this nation, are faced with the same problem. Inkster is no different than Ferguson or Sanford or any of these other small towns, where police are using an excessive uses of force. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: At a press conference today, city leaders urged patience. The Inkster police have opened an investigation in the incident and the Michigan state police are investigating as well. One officer has been placed on desk duty. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) VICKI YOST, INKSTER POLICE CHIEF: Were not afraid of following the facts and well take appropriate action. But this – it needs to be independent, it needs to be thorough, and it needs to be impartial. I dont want to rush to any conclusions. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: Joining me now is Floyd Dent with his attorney, Gregory Rohl. Mr. Dent, maybe Ill start by asking you, just what was happening right before you got pulled over and did you have any sense of what was coming when you pulled your car over? FLOYD DENT: I was visiting a friend before I got pulled over. HAYES: And the police tailed you and after a traffic – after a stop sign, and you pulled over, they say that you were hostile, that you seemed – that you said, “Im going to kill you.” Did that happen? DENT: No, thats not true. HAYES: What was going through your mind as you are on the ground, being punched, repeatedly, by officers? What are they saying to you at that point? DENT: They wasnt say – all they was doing was punching me, telling me to resist. I told them to stop choking me, I cant breathe. He just kept on choking me. HAYES: You said, “I cant breathe”? DENT: Right, I told him – stop choking me, I cant breathe, you know? And he continued are choking me. You know? And after about 15 seconds, I just gave up, you know? Because I couldnt – I was on my last breath. You know? And thats when he let go. HAYES: Do you remember being tased? DENT: Yes, I remember being tased. I heard somebody in the background saying, “Tase the MF.” HAYES: Mr. Rohl, let me ask this question to you. There is – I want to play some tape of a local affiliate that has an angle of the video that they say suggests the possibility of an officer planting the drugs in question, which is the contention that you have for your client. Take a look at this footage for a moment. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) REPORTER: In the video, the officer seen throwing the punches, William Melendez, is seen pulling something from his pocket that looks like a plastic baggy with something inside it. Melendez testified in court, police found a baggy of crack cocaine under the passenger seat. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: Mr. Rohl, is it you and your clients contention that the police planted the crack cocaine they say they found in the car? GREGORY ROHL, ATTORNEY FOR FLOYD DENT: Chris, its pretty obvious, if you look at the entirety of the tape, first of all, the officer who beat my client, known as “Robocop”, did the initial inspection of the vehicle, you can see him on tape go through the passenger compartment, where allegedly the cocaine was found, and come out with his hands clear and clean of anything. And then he goes to the back of the car, when the state troopers leave the scene, theres another officer who stepped in the middle of the camera, and then you can see “Robocop” reach into his pocket, and sure enough, start pulling some plastic bag out, the officer then steps in the camera again, and all of a sudden, whoopty-doo, its right in front of him and he starts field testing in it. I guarantee you my clients fingerprints are nowhere on there. Were submitting him for a polygraph on it to confirm it. And if it wasnt for the history of this officer having done it in the past, and thank God for that, we would be going for trial. Honestly, my client was offered a plea. HAYES: Yes, he was offered a plea on the drug charge, which you have declined. ROHL: Yes, a plea of probation. He could have taken it and nothing would have happened. And he said, quite honestly, an innocent man does not plead guilty. Good for him. HAYES: Just two clarifications, when you say “Robocop”, that was a nickname for Officer Melendez in question. ROHL: He calls himself that. HAYES: He called himself that, right. And also, I should say, he was acquitted, right? He was tried and acquitted of planting evidence. He was formally accused – ROHL: Hold on, he was acquitted of a criminal charge, Chris, but he also has nine violations of civil rights, which they paid millions of dollars in the city of Detroit based upon his prior actions. HAYES: Floyd Dent and his attorney – ROHL: Quite honestly – HAYES: Please continue. ROHL: Im sorry? HAYES: Finish. ROHL: Quite honestly, this man took the oath during our examination and proudly indicated that he racially profiled my client, saw him as a black man, driving a Cadillac, in a high-crime area of Inkster, and that served as a proper basis for a pullover. It had nothing to do with the stop sign. His testimony was very clear, he was proud of it, and said, I was going to pull him over, no matter what. HAYES: Mr. Dent, finally, I just want to get your sense of what you want to see happen next. DENT: Well, I would like to see the officer fired for what he done, because he had done a terrible job. You know, he beat me, you know? And, you know, I just cant – Im just lost for words right now. ROHL: We want accountability is what we want. Thats all we want. We want the system to work. HAYES: Thank you, Mr. Dent and Mr. Rohl. Really appreciate it. Thank you very much. DENT: Thank you. HAYES: All right, theres a story out of Georgia you probably havent heard, but you probably would have heard if the man behind it was Muslim. Ill explain, next. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) HAYES: On November 4th, the FBI Explosive Unit was called to Vickery Creek Park in Roswell, Georgia, to investigate a suspicious package. And unlike other calls, this one was not a false alarm. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) REPORTER: A mother and daughter hiking along Vickery Creek Trail spotted a backpack a few feet off the beaten path and called 911. Roswell police contacted Cobb Countys bomb squad and the FBI, once they took a closer look at the backpack, which the FBI described as filled with bomb components, including pipes. It had all the makings of an IED, an improvised explosive device. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: The backpack wasnt just filled with the makings of two bombs. Federal authorities found a Koran, a book titled “The Rape of Kuwait,” a t-shirt, and location of Jewish centers in the area among other things. But last week, the FBI found their man. And it wasnt a member of al Qaeda or an ISIS cell that had come to Georgia, as one might think examining the contents of the backpack. No, agents arrested 67-year-old Georgia resident Michael Sibley after they say he confessed to leaving the homemade bombs. He told authorities he put the other items, including the Koran in the backpack as well, and he purchased the t-shirt from a garage sale and wrote a name, Mina Khodari in the backpack, because it looked foreign. He said he put the Marcus Jewish community center location and Falcon schedule on the backpack because he knew law enforcement would consider them soft targets. Sibley went on to tell the FBI that hes a patriot and he felt no one was pay attention to what was going on in the world. And if he placed the package in the Roswell park and people would finally get that this type of activity could happen anywhere. In other words, it appears, this man wanted to create the impression of Islamic terrorism where there was actually none, so that people would understand just how ubiquitous Islamic terrorism is, because some people need demons to be afraid of, even if theyre imaginary. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) HAYES: Saudi Arabia announced yesterday they are bombing Yemen, their neighbor down here, along with a coalition of other Gulf states. Theyre doing it as the country falls into a very, very scary civil war. American personnel have been evacuated, NGOs are even leaving. I wanted to bring in Ayman Mohyeldin who knows as much about the region as anyone I know, to explain what is going on, because the region is so engulfed right now in war, chaos, and strife, it can be extremely confusing. So Ayman, its great to have you here. AYMAN MOHYELDIN, JOURNALIST: Great to be here. HAYES: Obviously under sort of terrible circumstances. So heres Yemen. And I find maps really useful, because you can really sort of lose sight of wheres where, right? Lets start with Yemen. Yemen is a very poor country and up until around 2011, what was the relationship between Barack Obama, U.S. White House and the Yemeni government? MOHYELDIN: Well, with all U.S. administrations, really, not just Barack Obama, Yemen was a cornerstone of counterterrorism operations. They were under the rule of Ali Abdullah Saleh, who was by all measures, an authoritarian ruler, an individual who was a strongman in his country, and was a very close ally to the United States, sharing intelligence and pretty much allowing the U.S. to carry out whatever counterterrorism operations they did, including controversial drone strikes. HAYES: Right. So, AQAP, which is al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, is operating out of Yemen. al Awlawki, the American cleric who went and was killed by a drone strike, the shoe bomber, the underwear bomber trained in Yemen. MOHYELDIN: That is a side of Yemen that people obviously sometimes focus on, that they definitely had a very robust terrorism hub, if you will for drawing some of these extremists terrorists from around the world. HAYES: So youve got this sort of classic deal with the devil. The U.S. says to Sale, well look the other way while you put journalists in jail and you repress people, just help us coordinate on counterterrorism. Then the Arab Spring happens. What happens to Saleh? MOHYELDIN: Well, at that point, hes ousted from power. He tried to hold on to power, but then ultimately was forced from power and we saw the country begin to fracture, along all kinds of different lines. There was a process that was put in place that brought into power the vice president. He was supposed to bring in reforms. But Yemen does have a part of the population that are Shias. And they wanted a bigger say in the affairs of that country. They wanted to have a political and economic part of the pie, so to speak. They werent getting it as much as they wanted to. And that led to a military insurgency, a rebellion, that brought to the scene, to the forefront of that, the Houthi rebels. They had been around for a while, but really have 2011, gained a lot of momentum on the ground. HAYES: So into the sort of vortex of power, you have the Houthis who are Shia, Sunni and Shia, are the sort of two dominant strains of Islam. The Houthi Shia rebels basically say we do not want to be shut out of government anymore, right. They start to take more and more territory. We now have a situation in which they have managed to essentially chase the Sunni president from Yemen. He landed today in Saudi Arabia. In this context, why is Saudi Arabia going into Yemen? MOHYELDIN: Well, first of all, look at where Yemen is. I mean, strategically, its important. This right here, this little passageway that leads to the Suez Canal is where so much of the worlds oil supply flows from. Thats very strategically important for Saudi Arabia. But more importantly, as we were talking, there is a certain part of Yemen that is Shia. And Saudi Arabia is staunchly Sunni. It has very much concern about Iranian influence growing in the region. Iran is supporting the Houthi rebels if not materialistically, at least morally and from a political point of view, diplomatically, at least. So Saudi Arabia wanted to make sure that doesnt happen. So they are trying to make sure that the entire country does not fall to the Houthi rebels and protect their president. HAYES: So weve got just the broader context here and the thing that everyone is talking about today when they talk about proxy wars. You have the Sunni state of Saudi Arabia, which is the sort of pillar of Sunni power in the region, you have the Islamic Republic of Iran, which is the pillar of shia power. And in three different countries now in Syria, in Iraq and in Yemen you have open violent warfare between Sunni and Shia factions in which Iran is essetnially allegedly backing the Shia factions and which now Saudi Arabia and other Sunni nations are backing the Sunnis factions. MOHYELDIN: Yeah, and one of the greatest ironies of what is going on right now, the United States is involved in trying to defeat ISIS in Iraq. HAYES: The Sunnis. MOHYELDIN: Yeah, the Sunnis. They are using Iranian-backed Shia militias on the ground as well as the Iraqi army. HAYES: So theyre bombing on the side of Iran in Iraq. MOHYELDIN: Yes. HAYES: And then down in Yemen, they are bombing against the Iranian-backed Houthis. MOHYELDIN: Exactly. HAYES: This is just a massively complicated and extremely violent and somewhat bleak situation. Ayman Mohyeldin, thank you very much. MOHYELDIN: my pleasure, chris. HAYES: Back in a moment. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: Did you feel justice was served when General McGinnis got sentenced to 40 years? MEGAN HENNESSEY, HOUSE OF CARDS: Yes, as far as his crimes go, but not for thousands of service – HAYES: Im sorry to interrupt. My producer is telling me that Jacqueline Sharp has called in, the house majority whip. Congresswoman, are you there? JACQUELINE SHARP, HOUSE OF CARDS: Yes, Im here, Chris, and thank you for taking my call. HAYES: Thank you. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: That was a clip from my favorite episode of season 2 of House of Cards. All thirteen of season three are streaming now on Netflix. To be honest, I havent watched any of them yet, because I have a tendency not to watch things Im not in, but that will not stop us from having the creator of House of Cards back on the show tomorrow. We will talk to Beau Willimon about a number of things, like whats up with Doug Stamper, did that guy die or what, and whats more problematic for Frank Underwood, his presidency or his marriage. But mostly, well talk about what roles there are for me in season four. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) HAYES: The fight over Arctic drilling is heating up in Seattle, and if that sentence doesnt quite scan for you, let me explain. As we first reported last week, commissioners from the Port of Seattle, with little notice to the public, agreed in February to a the two-year $13 million deal that paves the way for Royal Dutch Shell to use the port as its base for Arctic drilling, which would take place thousands of miles away off the coast of Alaska. Although there would be no drilling in Seattle, Shell would keep and service its rigs and equipment in the port. Now, this is a big deal, and not just because it creates environmental risks for Seattle itself. As outraged Seattle environmentalists have pointed out, the deal means their city is poised to play a central role in Shell kick-starting its Arctic oil drilling efforts, which, after a series of setbacks, have been suspended since 2012, despite the company reportedly having spent more than $4 billion on the endeavor. At the behest of Seattle Mayor, Ed Murray, and the City Council, the Seattle Department of Planning and Development is now reviewing the legitimacy of the deal.And environmental groups have sued the port to block it. But for now, the deal is moving forward. On Tuesday, port commissioners upheld their decision to let the Arctic drilling rigs dock at the port. In an audio leaked to the Seattle newspaper, The Stranger, over the weekend, port commissioner Bill Bryant dismissed components of the deal and laughed about The Stranger awarding him five dead polar bears for supporting him. BILL BRYANT: Were going to move forward and were going to have Shell there. The first drilling rig will arrive in early April and weve been threatened with a flotilla of kayaks to block it. So, well see what happens. HAYES: On Monday, The Seattle Times newspaper editorialized in favor of the port deal, writing that blocking those rigs at terminal 5 wouldnt stop Arctic drilling, nor alter the course of climate change. And arguing that if the deal is killed, Shell will simply move to another port. And, if that argument sounds familiar, its because it is. The people who want Shell in Seattle, that want Arctic drilling, heck, the ones who want to see the Keystone pipeline built, they always say, dont fight this battle because its inevitable, its going to happen anyway. But, the very fact this battle is being fought means its not inevitable. As Seattle council member Mike OBrien pointed out on this show last week, it is not at all clear that Shell has another good option as a base of operations for Arctic drilling. And, if it really doesnt matter if Shell or its allies get their way, believe me, they would not be fighting so hard to win. (BEGIN COMMERCIAL BREAK) (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) HOWARD STERN, THE HOWARD STERN SHOW: You dont carry baby wipes? UNIDENTIFIED MALE: No. STERN: I do. Man, I carry them in my man purse. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Then it becomes – STERN: Youve got a man purse? Get the baby wipes. The only thing embarrassing with baby wipes is – UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Theyre baby wipes. STERN: Theyre baby wipes, and everyone knows why youre using them. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: Howard Stern has been on the baby wipe bandwagon for years, baby wipes for his own personal use, even though hes not a baby. Specifically, for his own personal use in the bathroom. Hes not the only celebrity who likes the wipes. Back in 2007, heres what actor Terrence Howard said was a deal breaker for him in the romance department. Quote, “Toilet paper and no baby wipes in her bathroom… If theyre using dry paper, they arent washing all of themselves, its just unclean. So if I go inside a womans house and see the toilet paper there, Ill explain this. And if she doesnt make the judgment to baby wipes, Ill know shes not completely clean.” The market for mature baby wipes has seen huge growth recently. A baby wipe boom boom. The popularity of the so-called flushable wipes is having some serious repercussions down the drain. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: For generations, parents have used baby wipes to, well, wipe their babies. But theres a new growth market. Baby wipes for adults. (MUSIC) Its big business. Sales of personal wipes have doubled worldwide since 2003.In North America, sales have tripled. In 2013, nearly 20 billion wipes were sold and 9 billion of them were in the moist toilet tissue category. Many of those are marketed as flushable. And they are. Pull the lever and it disappears. But it does go somewhere. Every bit of water, when it goes somewhere, it comes here. MATT BERARDI, SEWAGE TREATMENT CENTER: Thats right. HAYES: In New York City, where toilets are flushed 10 million times every single day, whatever you send down the toilet ends up here, at one of the citys 14 waste water treatment plants. We visited the largest in North Brooklyn. This one facility deals with hundreds of millions of gallons of raw sewage produced by over 1 million New Yorkers every day. BERARDI: So we are at the influent chamber for the New Town Creek waste treatment plant. This is where the raw sewage from Brooklyn comes in and this is the first step in the treatment process. HAYES: So the raw sewage comes in here, right? And then its first step is – what is this? BERARDI: So, this is the far screens. Its a mechanism to just physically remove debris thats in sewage. So, youll see in here a paper bag, a candy wrapper, a rubber ball. And thats what we generally removed for years and years and years through this process. But, over the last few years, weve been just seeing more and more baby wipes, to the point now where the vast majority of what gets removed here are wipes. HAYES: The amount of debris that workers sift out of New York sewage has doubled in just the last six years, which the city says seems to correspond with the boom in flushable wipes. You can see here, look at this, this is the machine. Now, the rake is stopping stuff here. The machine comes, it grabs the stuff that has been physically stopped, and you can see – thats – those are all wipes, right? BERARDI: Wipes just get everywhere. HAYES: Disgusting! That is so disgusting! BERARDI: Many wipes get caught on the bars, but a lot of wipes actually make it through, and then gum up the equipment in our plants, they get stuck in gears, they get stuck in pump impellers. New York City says it has spent more than $18 million on wipe-related equipment issues just over the last five years. And every year, the city fills up over twenty five hundred dumpsters full of debris, which ends up in landfills. issues. The bulk of that debris right now, this stuff. This is gross. BERARDI: This is what got pulled out of sewage, and its just sitting there, its not moving at all – HAYES: And you can see its almost got this weird, almost like, braiding to it. BERARDI: Thats right, they do, among other things, knot up and it makes them all the more difficult to rake and remove. Its just – they just get into these big knots. HAYES: Why is this more problematic for your system, the sewage system, here and across the country than just toilet paper. BERARDI: Toilet paper, you got to remember, its tree pulp, its organic, its dissolved, it just falls apart. It gets absorbed in the treatment process. We have a digestive system that breaks down organics. These wet wipes are synthetic. Theyre plastic based. And so, they dont break down in the treatment process. We have to physically remove them, and, you know, thats an extra cost that we didnt anticipate years ago. HAYES: But, a lot of them are being advertised as flushable, right? MATT BERARDI, SEWAGE TREATMENT CENTER: And, you know, they are flushable to the extent theyll go down the your toilet, but they end up somewhere, and thats here. HAYES: Right, theyre flushable but they dont breakdownable. BERARDI: You can flush a golf ball but itll end up here. HAYES: The wipe industry has guidelines for what is flushable and what is not. They blame whats happening in the pipes and sewage systems of America on consumers flushing the non flushable wipes. But for the people who work here, whatever the wipe had on the label, its where it ends up thats the problem. In the four-and-a-half years you have been here, have you seen an increase in it? MATT BERARDI, SEWAGE TREATMENT CENTER: Definitely more baby wipes. HAYES: Just one of the rakes in this one facility fills up every half hour.All of those wipes have to be removed by hand. Alright, so, show me how you do this here. I dont know if the camera is capturing this, but there is [ bleep ] in there, okay? BERADI: Believe me, some days we get a lot worse than that. HAYES: Do you see this, baby wipe consumers of America? Do you see what youre doing to Matt here? (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: Joining me now, Dave Rousse, President of INDA, the association of non woven fabrics industry, a trade association which represents wipe manufacturers among other users of nonwoven fabrics. Mr. Rousse, how did we get here, to this point, which nine billion individual wipes for personal care or as alternatives to toilet paper are be being sold in the U.S. DAVE ROUSSE, PRESIDENT OF INDA: The flushable wipes category is actually a relatively new category that has grown quite nicely in the last few years, but overall, wipes have developed as a solution to many problems beyond personal care. And – to hard surface disinfecting, to skin care, disinfecting, personal care. HAYES: Sure, but lets talk about the flushable wipes. Whats fascinating to me, here, is youve got this – youve got a product that didnt exist before, now exists, is growing very rapidly. And, has really changed consumer behavior. My question is it chicken or egg question. Heres some group of people thatsaid, you know what? Those baby wipes, I bet you we can get adults to use those too. Or, did people start using it and you guys caught on and the industry started catering to that need? ROUSSE: More the later than the former. There were attempts to market moist toilet tissue as toilet tissue that did not work, but there was never the less a need out there among consumers to supplement toilet paper with some moist apparatus to complete the function, and they were gravitating toward baby wipes. So, baby wipes were never designed for that purpose. Theyre designed to be rolled up in a disposable diaper and thrown in a trash can. Not to be flushed. So, the wipes manufacturers went about engineering a substrate that does behave properly in a sewage system and marketed as a flushable wipe. HAYES: Okay, so this is key. What Im hearing from you, and you sound slightly uncomfortable with the whole thing, although this persumably, this is your job, this is what you guys are selling so theres the – you know, were all adults here. You basically found customers were on the sly using baby wipes and then designers inside these companies thought, well, we have to actually create a product thats for adults, went about trying to engineer products that could be flushed, hence the creation of these flushable wipes marketed to adults. ROUSSE: Thats a simplified version but, basically accurate. HAYES: Okay, so then, heres the question. The big question is, are the flushable wipes actually flushable. And, they are flushable. They go down the toilet. But do they actually break down the way toilet paper does. I want to show you this little clip from Consumer Reports that did a test on a few of them back in 2013. Take a look. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Heres how easily regular toilet paper breaks down in Consumer Reports test. Heres the same test with a flushable wipe. Testers gave up after 10 minutes. Then they tried to break the wipes down in a mixer. Another ten minutes in the mixer, and the wipes still didnt break down. Our advice? Dont flush flushable wipes. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: So, that what were hearing from municipal sewer departments across the country, its what I heard from the deputy commissioner at the New York City Department of Sanitation. Whats your response? ROUSSE: Well, Im aware of that particular consumer products video. We dont know what wipe they were using and certainly cannot validate their testing methods. But here is the real issue, Chris. The problem that the sewage treatment districts are having around the country are not caused by the wipes that are designed to be flushed, marketed to be flushed, and pass the industry guidelines that determine flushability. Those wipes are not causing the problem. And, those wipes represent less than 10% of the wipes sold. HAYES: But, how do you know that? How can you say that definitively? How do you know that? ROUSSE: Because, we have developed a set of flushability assessment guidelines, scientifically, which measure seven different properties of fabrics that are designed to disintegrate as they pass through the waste water treatment system. The test that consumer products showed you is just one of seven. Wipes that are designed to be flushable have to pass all seven. If they fail one, then theyre not considered to be flushable. HAYES: So youre confident that the stuff thats being sold as flushable, thats not the problem. The problem is on user error. Basically, theres lots of people out there flushing wipes that are not marketed or designed to be flushed. ROUSSE: Thats essentially true. Thats essentially true. The wipes that are flushable, that pass the industry guidelines, we can vouch for as not causing damage to sewer systems. But, thats a small percentage. The majority of the wipes being flushed and causing a burden, and we acknowledge this, were never designed to be flushed, were never marketed to be flushed, but are flushed anyway because of the way theyre used, or where theyre used. If theyre used in a bathroom setting, they are often times disposed of in a toilet when they shouldnt be. Were doing something about that, Chris. HAYES: Yeah, well, youre partnering with some municipalities to tackle this problem. We might see, I guess, an education campaign for people. Dont be flushing your wipes down the toilet if theyre not flushable. ROUSSE: Yes. Were partnering with four of the largest water and waste water associations in the both North America and Canada. And we have a collaborative process going on thats gone on for about a year and its making great progress in defining and further defining flushability, the properties of flushability that they can agree to. But also going beyond that, and developing a code of practice with the proper labeling of all wipes if theyre flushable or not. And, if theyre not flushable, our do not flush sticker, or do not flush logo, a symbol to indicate to the consumer not to flush that product. HAYES: Never let it be said the Association of Nonwoven Fabrics Industry is not proactive in tackling the problem. David Rousse, President of INDA, thank you so much for your time. ROUSSE: Thank you. HAYES: We performed an experiment in the office today because well, thissegment wasnt long enough. After the makers of Cotonelle flushable wipes, Kimberly Clark e-mailed us this morning to assure us their flushable products are indeed flushable. They asked us to see for ourselves by putting a wipe in a dish of water, letting it soak for one hour to simulate a residence time in a home drain line after flushing, and then removing the wipe. The wipes will literally fall apart when picked up. So, we did. And for good measure we put in toilet paper and a different brand of flushable wipes, Charmin, and finally Kimberly Clarks Cotonelle flushables. Then, with cameras rolling for posterity, we left them alone as instructed for one full hour. When the time is up, the toilet paper did literally fall apart. The Charmin partially fell apart, but parts remained sturdy. Well, the Cottonelle fared much better, though it needed a little tearing to come apart. Bottom line, TP is still tops. That is All In for this evening. I made it through the whole time without laughing. The Rachel Maddow Show starts right now. Good evening, Rachel. THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.END Copyright 2015 CQ-Roll Call, Inc. All materials herein are protected by United States copyright law and may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, displayed, published or broadcast without the prior written permission of CQ-Roll Call. 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5 Weeks Pregnant and Light Pink Spotting When I Use the Toilet!!?
tell ur dr to check ur progesterone levels if they are low it could be that ur body is trying to reject it again so go to the dr and have the check it if its low they can prescribe some progesterone until ur about 12 weeks. It works my bleeding stopped i was 6 weeks im now 9 wks 4days and have a apt tomoro to see my beanie baby! mine were at 13 and they said they like to see them at 25 or higher. Good luck!1. What colors would go well in a room with mauve and light pink?eww, it sounds gross. get some cheap then fabric, like lacey if u want, or just really thing black fabric, a hang it up all on the walls. then hang pictures u like around, u can put them rocght over the fabric. and add nice lighting and decore with furnisure and it should look a little bit better(it cna't get much worse) ask if u can paint it white at the very least. most places prefer neutral colors anyway when renting. best of luck2. Looking for a nice light pink dress to wear to a wedding?Try Boohoo or Asos their quite good. When i find a dress that i like i type it in on ebay they normally have them on there and alot more cheaper! Hope this helps3. What are some good light pink flowers for a wedding?roses or carnations4. REALLY worried- Light pink spotting***** NEED Advice please!?Maybe just irritation from the sex? Implantation? Still could be many things... Good Luck!5. Corsage color to go with light pink dress?I would go with a light pink rose with a little babys breath.If you want it to stand out a little,put her a peppermint carnation in the middle!That would be so precious!Good luck!6. is it ok for a guy to wear very light pink lipstick?You can where what the hell you want to wear!7. Light pink spotting, sharp poking feeling could I be pregnant?It sounds like you had implantation bleeding it is usually pink / brown that only last for two days. I think you are pregnant!8. What do you think would be a good color to go with a light pink?(for bedroom)?Light green. It is simple, earthy, natural, and versitile. Have you got your bedspread yet? It might have the right color in it. I would use white as the third color.9. What can I wear with a light pink cardigan?I would say black. Maybe work it with a pair of jeans!10. I have a light pink/ salmon dress. What should my date wear to match me??? ?you have three choices: a black penguin suit a white penguin suit a pink penguin suit i love the word penguin suit.11. Light pink spotting at 5 weeks, please help!?It's just implantation, my gf had the same thing at 5 weeks and now she's 22 weeks. Do not worry I am sure your fine12. What is your makeup routine?Natural- I like looking clean, polished, fresh, and awake. I do not have a routine that's set in stone, but here it is: FACE (this is standard for me, sometimes I will use a tinted moisturizer set with a powder foundation or a liquid foundation depending on how bad my skin is, but that's more rare) Stick concealer mixed with a pink lipstick to make a salmon toned corrector for under eyes (this works, makes them look more naturally gone instead of looking washed out) Green Concealer on major red areas Liquid concealer over the green concealer to match skin Color correcting Powder on T-Zone EYES (this is constantly changing, some days I will just curl my lashes) Pencil liner or Cream Eyeliner on top lid only (always dark brown) Mascara on top lashes, clear mascara on lower lashes Eyeshadow- this varies daily but they are always neutral colors (tan, brown, bronze, copper, coffee, peachy-pink, cream, taupe, light pink, etc.) Brows- ELF Studio Eyebrow Kit or clear mascara or nothing at all LIPS Lip balm- daily Lip gloss- some days Tinted balm - Revlon lip butter Lipstick- only for special occasions13. Light pink spotting - answers please!!?I doubt that its implantation bleeding, (but its a very small chance that it is), how sure you that you ovulated on the 21st, (Some women have spotting when they ovulate). You can get OPK (ovulation prediction kits), to find out when you ovulate, because women do not ovulate the same day every cycle. Or it can be stress related. *Implantation bleeding occurs an average of 6-12 days of ovulation.
Simon Cowell's Security Guard 'was in the Toilet' When Burglar Broke in and Stole 1million in Robber
Simon Cowell's private security guard was in the toilet when a burglar broke into the producer's home in the early hours to steal £1million in gems, a court heard.The X-Factor supremo was asleep upstairs with partner Lauren Silverman and their young son Eric when an intruder raided his £35million luxury home in Holland Park, west London.Darren February, 32, allegedly broke in through a patio door, grabbed jewellery and two passports belonging to the music mogul from an open safe before making off while private guard Simon Williams was in the lavatory.Cowell believed the burglary 'was an inside job', the court heard.A burglar broke into the house through the patio door at 1.30am dropped gloves while leaving the scene, and was recognised by police officers who saw CCTV footage of the incident.Residential security guard M'Batonha Mendes, who covered the area around Cowell's home said he chased the burglar, who dropped a brown satchel full of jewellery.He told Isleworth Crown Court: 'There were watches, necklaces, jewellery boxes,' he said.'When I arrived the security was already outside. I asked him if he knew of any suspicious activity in the area.'He said he went to the toilet and when he came out and he noticed that the front door was wide open and all the lights were switched on in the house.' February was later identified by Mr Mendes in a police line-up, but his defence lawyers claim this was due to newspaper coverage.Giles Newell, defending, asked Cowell's private security guard Simon Williams about allegations raised by Mr Cowell after the burglary.He said: 'Were you aware that Mr Cowell said he thought this case was an inside job.' Mr Williams responded: 'No sir, I had not heard that.' Judge Edmunds asked why had not seen the burglary taking place live on the CCTV.Mr Williams answered: 'There are only two places I would have been, in the kitchen making a tea or coffee, or on the loo, and I'm assuming it was the latter.' PC Tze Yang Chua, who was first to arrive at Mr Cowell's house, told jurors Mr Williams had been 'reluctant' to let them in, but did after 15 minutes or so.He said: 'He seemed to be like, we'll deal with the matter in house.' Mr Williams had earlier said it was 'protocol' that 'the home owner doesn't want police on site'.PC Yang Chua also explained that Mr Williams told him Ms Silverman and Mr Cowell had an argument overnight, and they had left the laptops outside.February, who previously committed 37 burglaries, mainly in the same upmarket area, was due to appear in the dock for today's proceedings, but instead chose not to attend.The trial continues.
You Can Train Your Cat to Use the Toilet
The apartment Daniel Freudberg shares with his girlfriend has two bathrooms. One is used by the couple and visitors. The other is used by their 7-month-old kitten, Kal, who does all his business in there - on the toilet."We never bought an actual litter box," said Freudberg, 27, an Arlington, Va., retail store manager who so strongly believes in cat toilet-training that he has encouraged his boss to try it. "I love it, honestly." Many people treat their pets like furry children. But within that demographic is a small minority of cat owners who have taken pet humanization to the next level by eschewing litter in favour of sharing the toilet with their animals. Toilet-training cats is surprisingly possible, evangelists say, and the benefits are great: No litter-box smell. No gravelly grains underfoot. No scooping. (Just flushing, because thumbless felines are no good at that.) Read more:How to train a cat Her cat wouldn't cuddle, so she trained it to Is this a growing group? It's impossible to say; no one tracks cat toilet use. But there's enough of a market to support feline toilet-training kits with hundreds of reviews on Amazon, as well as two new books on the topic. One is the 25th anniversary edition of the pioneer volume in this subject area, Paul Kunkel's How to Toilet Train Your Cat , which promises success in 21 days. The second, Toilet Train Your Cat, Plain and Simple , is by Clifford Brooks, a Silicon Valley writer who says the process takes three months and loads of patience but is well worth it."We are an elite group, those of us who train our cats" to use a toilet, said Brooks, 56, who is now working on a book about cat-walking and meditation. "Most people say, 'My cat can't do that.' And I'm here to say all cats can do it." The methods detailed in both books and kits are all relatively similar and will sound familiar to anyone who has potty-trained a toddler. They involve baby steps, rewards like treats or praise, occasional accidents and no reprimands. In the case of cats, the process also involves placing a litter-filled insert in the toilet bowl, then gradually reducing the litter inside it while widening a hole in the insert that allows the litter and waste to drop into the water below.This same general idea was championed by none other than the late jazz legend Charles Mingus , who toilet-trained his cat, Nightlife, and decided to share his method with the world via a mail-order "CAT-alog" of instructions.Brooks - whose eight-step method relies on items readers likely have at home, such as an expendable mixing bowl - advises first doing a "truffle test": Dropping an orb-shaped chocolate into the toilet to make sure the splash isn't so high that it will dampen and disturb the feline above. Brooks said he has successfully trained eight cats and is currently coaching his two kittens, Anderson Cooper and Gloria Vanderbilt.Jee Lee, a reporter in Washington, has a 2-year-old tabby, Hanuri, who now uses the toilet. "I remember when she went for the first time. I was so proud of her," Lee said.She taught Hanuri using a product called CitiKitty, and it took two rounds of training. But now, Hanuri reliably goes No. 2 once daily in the early morning. No. 1 happens whenever the cat likes. Lee, who said she is a "little bit like a clean freak," finds this all far preferable to a litter box, though she said it baffles her friends."Even if they love their cats, they don't want to share their toilet with their cats," said Lee, who sometimes takes Hanuri along when she goes out for brunch. "We share the toilet. We share everything." Whether toilet-training is good or enjoyable for cats is unclear. Sarah Ellis, a cat behaviorist and co-author of The Trainable Cat , said in an email that it is a skill she has never wanted to teach. For one thing, she said, burying waste is a natural behaviour for cats. For another: "If they miss, I would not want cat feces on my human toilet where human members of the family go to the bathroom." While none of the toilet-training cat owners interviewed said they had experienced that complication, they did acknowledge that sharing a bathroom with a cat can lead to awkward moments. Guests who use the bathroom, for example, might find the litter insert in the toilet or even unflushed waste that they might attribute to the human. This happened to Brooks, and there also was the time a cable repairperson found a pile of cat poop on the floor because someone had shut the bathroom door and left the kitty no place else to go."You've got to make sure you keep the seat up all the time," Brooks said. "You can't forget that." A trained cat can also develop some humorous habits. Brooks said one of his cats closed the door behind her when she used the bathroom. And every cat he's trained has taken up the practice of racing him to the toilet when he gets up to go."You'll have to stand there and wait for them," Brooks said. "I literally think they think it's amusing." For Freudberg, Kal's owner, toilet-training was a selling point. He had recently taken care of his brother's cat, Fuzz, for a year. And Fuzz, coming from a tiny Brooklyn apartment, came toilet-trained. That "awesome" skill was one reason he took her in and fell in love with her, recalling that she'd wait to do No. 2 until he got home from work, because she knew she would get a treat when she did.When Fuzz returned to New York in January, Freudberg's apartment felt like an empty nest. "I didn't want to get a new cat," he said. "I felt like Fuzz and I, we had a weird bond." His girlfriend, Beth, who had recently moved in, did want a cat - so badly, in fact, that she created a 13-slide PowerPoint presentation titled "An Argument for Cats: Why We Should Adopt a Cat." She made her case on Jan. 16, citing evidence of health benefits for pet owners, statistics on cat homelessness, quotes from famous cat owners including Charles Dickens and, on slide 7, a bullet-pointed assertion that "toilet training will be easy" with help from Fuzz's owners and YouTube videos.Freudberg was sold, and they ended up adopting Kal from a Northern Virginia rescue group called Save A Dog, Save A Cat. They also bought a kit called Litter Kwitter. Kal is now a loving, playful young guy who adores darting through a tunnel and is about to advance to the final stage of his potty training."Happy to report no accidents have occurred since within the first week that we got him, and he has taken to the toilet wonderfully," Beth, 28, who did not want her last name published, wrote in an email this week. "Pretty soon we will live litterless lives."
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