Whether It Can Achieve the Tripartite Confrontation in the Field of Automatic Driving still Depends

The competition of giants in China's automatic driving industry is somewhat unexpected. On September 21, Tencent Dadi Tongtu (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd. and Suzhou didi Travel Technology Co., Ltd. announced that they had obtained the road test qualification of Beijing autonomous vehicles.

It is obviously of great significance to get a license in Beijing, because it is the city with the longest open test road in China. According to a recent notice issued by the public security and traffic administration bureau of Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau, 11 roads in Fangshan District of Beijing have been added as test roads for autonomous vehicles. In addition to the other 33 test roads in the economic and Technological Development Zone, Shunyi District and Haidian District, there are 44 automatic driving test roads in Beijing, covering diversified traffic scenes such as urban and rural areas, with a total length of 123 km.

The temporary license plate for Beijing automatic driving test is divided into five levels from T1 to T5. This time, Tencent obtained the T3 test qualification, which is also the highest road test qualification license issued by Beijing. It is reported that the T3 level test content includes the comprehensive ability of the automatic driving vehicle to abide by the traffic law and cognition, route execution and emergency handling. Prior to this, Baidu, Xiaoma Zhixing, BAIC and Daimler also obtained the qualification of automatic driving road test in Beijing, and the number of all test vehicles has reached 34.

The number of road test licenses of Baidu is far ahead

Since the introduction of the first automatic driving test in China in December 2017, Beijing has pioneered the release of automatic driving vehicle testing, and has provided favorable policies for relevant enterprises in road surveying. Then, in less than a year, Beijing, Shanghai, Chongqing, Changsha, Shenzhen, Changchun, Pingtan, Shenzhen and other places successively issued relevant policies and issued automatic driving road test licenses to enterprises.

In addition to car companies, travel companies and automatic driving technology R & D companies, the major Internet companies are the ones that test the water most in the field of automatic driving. Bat, which has always been the three pillars in the field of Internet, will not let go of the huge market of automatic driving. Among them, baidu is the first enterprise to obtain the road test license in the first echelon of the domestic Internet, and far exceeds other enterprises in the number of test vehicles. Public data show that Baidu has 25 autonomous vehicles qualified for road test, while the average number of vehicles of other companies qualified for road test is only 1-2.

Baidu, which has been laying out autopilot with an open attitude, is the first Internet company in bat to enter the autopilot battlefield. As early as 2014, Baidu has started Baidu driverless car R & D plan. In addition to being far ahead in the number of road test vehicles and license plates, it has not lost in the number of partners. It is reported that Baidu Apollo project has cooperated with more than 120 enterprises to build the world's largest automatic driving ecology. At present, the car enterprises that have reached cooperation with Baidu in unmanned driving include Chang'an, JAC, BYD, FAW, Chery, etc.

Pragmatic Alibaba, focusing on Technology / cooperation

Compared with Baidu's layout, Ali is a little slow. Although the car system has been developed in 2014, and in September last year, Ali announced the establishment of the "damoyuan hospital" which focused on technical research at the cloud habitat conference. But in real sense, the automatic driving was launched in April this year. Ali announced that the team led by Wang Gang, the chief scientist, began to formally develop the automatic driving vehicle.

However, starting doesn't mean running slowly. The unmanned car modified by Alibaba based on Lincoln MKZ was "low-key" unveiled at the yunqi conference a few days ago, attracting people to watch.

In fact, in September this year, Alibaba obtained the first automatic driving road test license issued by Hangzhou municipal government, which means that the unmanned vehicle developed by Dharma institute can be publicly tested in Hangzhou. Generally speaking, the automatic driving vehicle uses video cameras, radar sensors and laser rangefinder to understand the traffic situation around. In recent years, Damour's unmanned car, A.I.Labs X laboratory, rookie ET laboratory, zebra, Gould map, AliOS, Qian search and Ali cloud will be the technical guarantee for Ali to arrange automatic driving.

Although Ali has obvious advantages in technology, no company can win the autopilot battlefield by fighting alone. At present, zebra network invested by Ali has reached varying degrees of cooperation with SAIC, DPCA, Ford and other auto companies in different fields. I believe that with the deepening of Alibaba's layout in the field of automatic driving, the "latecomer" will have an unusual performance.

Low profile Tencent, can thick product bring thin hair?

Tencent is the most euphemistic and low-key in the layout of automatic driving in bat. In 2014, Tencent and NavInfo jointly launched the overall solution of vehicle Internet, fun driving we drive. When everyone thought Tencent began to layout automatic driving, Tencent suddenly had no movement. Two years later, in September 2016, Tencent announced to build an open platform for car service in the field of Internet of vehicles, and launched three product systems of "car service ROM, car service app and connecting my car", which did not attract the attention of the industry at that time.

Subsequently, Tencent announced that it would carry out the research and development of driverless technology and set up an automatic driving laboratory. After that, it also cooperated with some car companies in the fields of automatic driving and high-definition maps. However, everything is thunder, the heavy rain is small, and there is no actual landing and results. It was not until November last year that Tencent's autopilot laboratory made its autopilot progress public for the first time that we saw Tencent's determination to enter the field of autopilot.

While demonstrating its automatic driving technology framework and simulation test platform, the laboratory also disclosed its development strategy in automatic driving. The logic is to lay out the market according to the scene rather than SAE classification. It is said that this practice is to lay the foundation for the mass production of unmanned vehicles in the future. After announcing the progress, Tencent's first move was to take a stake in Tesla and become its fifth largest shareholder in March this year. It also invested in Didi, a travel service company, Weilai, a new car maker, Weima and drive.ai, an autonomous driving startup, and reached cooperation with 4D, a high-precision map provider. This series of actions makes Tencent's ambition in the field of automatic driving clear.

In short, Baidu has obtained the first automatic driving road test license plate "Beijing c2003 test" in Beijing, Ali has the first automatic driving license plate "Zhejiang a4390 test" in Hangzhou, and Tencent has obtained the first intelligent internet test car license plate "Guangdong b9k60 test" in Shenzhen. The three giants of bat operate separately in their base areas, It also fired the starting gun of domestic Internet companies in the field of automatic driving. Industry insiders predict that China is likely to become the world's largest automatic driving market in the next decade. As a domestic Internet giant, whether bat can achieve a tripartite balance in the field of automatic driving and jointly seize the global market highland for China's automatic driving industry depends on whether bat can give full play to its respective advantages.

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Ali Dharma Academy Releases "hybrid Simulation Test Platform" for Automatic Driving
On April 22, the Ali Dharma academy released the "hybrid simulation test platform" for automatic driving.It is reported that the platform adopts the simulation technology combining virtual and reality, introduces real road test scenes and cloud trainers, and simulates an extreme scene in only 30s. The virtual test mileage of the system can exceed 8 million km every day, greatly improving the training efficiency of automatic driving AI model. This technology will accelerate autopilot towards L5.The platform opens the gap between the uncertainty of online virtual fixed environment and offline real road conditions. The traditional simulation platform is difficult to simulate human random intervention through algorithm, but on the platform of Dharma Institute, it can not only automatically generate the simulation scene using the real road test data, but also simulate the front and rear vehicle acceleration, sharp turn, emergency parking and other scenes in real time through human random intervention, so as to increase the difficulty of obstacle avoidance training of autonomous vehicles.To solve the problem of insufficient extreme scene data, the platform can arbitrarily add extreme road test scene variables. In the actual road test, it may take one month to reproduce the takeover of an extreme scene, but the platform can complete the construction and test of special scenes such as rain and snow weather and poor lighting conditions at night within 30s, and the number of scene construction that can be supported every day can reach one million.
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