What Is the History of Packaged Drinks?

What is the history of packaged drinks?

it started out with the coca cola company (i think) they had to find a way to keep there drink product fresh and keep it with a taste, so they used carbon water and when carbon water is stored in a closed space with no oxygen,it tightens up (say for the plastic bottles for example),then some years later they started to use aluminum cans and like i said before, it hardens up with the carbon inside

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What is the meaning of writing a catalyst name with two compounds split by a hyphen?

If we consider palladium on carbon or alumina then it means that the palladium particles are dispersed onto the carbon or alumina. The carbon or alumina acts as a support for the catayltic particles of the palladium.If we consider Lindlar's cataylst this can be written as Pd/CaCO3/PbThe Pd (palladium) is the hydrogenation cataylist The CaCO3 is the support The Pb is a poison which is used to modify the chemistry of the palladiumSometimes one of the things separated by a / line is either a promotor or a poison.

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Stalled 89 Cherokee 4x4 in creek?

Gold and North provide sturdy innovations, i might additionally propose which you replace the gasoline filter out, in case you acquire over 65k on the engine and you seem on the gasoline filter out and curiously like the anti rust coating continues to be on the filter out like something of the below area of the truck, the filter out has to get replaced, and final i might seem on the throttle physique, carbon builds up in it from blow via and the ais motor dose not flow and perform wisely and the throttle place sensor might nicely be ruined from the carbon transferring into there and there is not any thank you to provider it yet merely replace it changing the map and o2 sensor does not injury the two sturdy success

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What is the difference between carbon fiber T700 and T1000?

Hello!Both T700 and T1000 are trade names of carbon composite materials developed under Toray (TORAY). It is important to note that the numbers in the designation DO NOT reflect the stiffness (a measure of how much the material stretches under stress) of the material, which is primarily determined by the way the carbon tubes are arranged and placed in the material. However, the carbon used in T1000 is stronger, hence a lesser amount of carbon needs to be applied to achieve identical stiffness to the T700. Therefore, the only differences between the T700 and T1000 is the tensile strength and weight, with T1000 being lighter because of lower carbon content

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What are carbon footprints?

A carbon footprint is more of a metaphor than an exact term. It refers to each individual's amount of carbon that we put into the atmosphere. It's like leaving a "footprint" on this earth's environment. So when people talk about reducing our footprint, it means we want to reduce the amount of carbon we are putting into the atmosphere and thus reduce our impact on the environment.

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why must i remove my carbon filter for a treatment?

Get a sponge filter for the mean time while you are treating the tank. I think the carbon will adsorb the chemical and it will not work. Water changes that's all I have to say. When is the last time you cleaned the gravel and did a 25 % water change? Keep the water clean so the problems do not get worse.

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Do you believe buying Carbon offsets is a good thing?

Is carbon that bad? You, your friend, me, trees, grass and everything living is made out of carbon, our life form is called "carbon based". We have not found anything on Earth which is living and is not carbon based. So the point that Carbon is bad and these companies are not doing anything to reduce carbon as if carbon is cyanide is shocking. Its not Cyanide, carbon dioxide is what trees take in, this carbon from carbon dioxide goes into the apple which you eat, this is how you get your carbon, now because we have no other source of getting energy we have to burn carbon through chemical reaction, the carbon we eat is converted into sugar is C6 H12 O6. This sugar or carbon based molecule is something that keeps us ticking and working, if we remove C6 we would not be alive and nothing would be alive in the world. So point #1 carbon is not bad. CO2 which is claimed to be heating the world is only on computer models, it has not been proven through any experiment that CO2 is more potent green house gas compared to any other gas. And people who claim CO2 molecule is blah blah that it absorbs IR blah blah, tell them first to decide whether light is a wave or particle, then also ask them to fix if electron is a field, particle or a wave. For past 100 years they can not figure out what is electron and now they tell me they know what is going to happen in future because CO2 is rising, but nothing happened in 1970s when it was rising? Why did temperature took a plunge? I think personally Companies who are producing CO2 or any other gas which is not natural should clean up their mess by themselves. But if they do this we can not have any company producing anything because cost of production will go up. Thus they should just plant trees and not close down and we should lose our jobs, I would rather have 400 PPM CO2 in atmosphere up from 384, rather than lose my job.

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How to Install the Carbon Brush
Correct installation method of carbon brush1. Grind the arc surface of the carbon brush to make it basically coincide with the commutator or collector ring.Due to the gap between the carbon brush and the brush holder, and the small deformation of the fixed parts of the brush holder (such as brush rod, etc.) under the action of stress, the radius of curvature of the carbon brush section will be slightly larger than that of the commutator or collector ring. Therefore, during the operation of the motor, not all the cross-sectional area of the carbon brush is in contact with the commutator or collector ring, but only a part of the area. Therefore, it is necessary to grind the arc surface of the carbon brush to make it basically consistent with the commutator or collector ring. In practical operation, the contact area between the arc surface of the carbon brush and the commutator or collector ring shall not be less than 75% of the section of a single carbon brush.It should be noted that the brush arc grinding at the factory is only rough grinding, and the arc grinding is generally carried out on the motor. During grinding, use glass sandpaper (do not use emery paper) to cover it on the commutator or collector ring, apply spring pressure on the carbon brush, and pull the sandpaper along the rotation direction of the motor (lift the carbon brush when pulling back the sandpaper) until the arc surface of the carbon brush is basically consistent with the commutator or collector ring. After grinding, the ground powder and sand shall be cleaned, the motor shall idle for 30 minutes, and then operate at 25% load. After the brush is in good contact with the commutator or collector ring, the motor can be put into normal operation.2. Proper clearance shall be reserved between the carbon brush and the inner wall of the brush holderAfter the carbon brush is installed into the brush holder, it is appropriate that the brush can move up and down freely. Only in this way can it ensure that the carbon brush can maintain close contact with the commutator or collector ring under the pressure of the spring. Therefore, there must be a certain gap between the four sides of the carbon brush and the inner wall of the brush holder. Practice has proved that this gap is generally between 0.1 0.3 mm. Neither too large nor too small. If the clearance is too small, the carbon brush may be stuck in the brush holder, the spring cannot compress the brush, and the motor operation is meaningless; If the gap is too large, the carbon brush will swing in the frame, which will not only produce noise, but also spark, which will have a destructive impact on the commutator or collector ring.3. The distance between the lower edge of the brush holder and the surface of the commutator or collector ring shall be kept within 2 4mm. If the distance is too small, the brush holder is easy to rub the commutator or collector ring; If it is too large, the carbon brush is easy to move and cause damage.4. Ensure that the carbon brush works in the surface of the commutator or collector ring and shall not be close to the edge of the collector ring. If the carbon brush is improperly installed in the cold state, the carbon brush may not fully contact the surface of the collector ring after the motor shaft expands in the hot state.Installation method and precautions of carbon brush1. It is forbidden to install carbon brushes of different brands and materials in the same motor.2. Pay special attention to whether the spring is pressed down well during installation and whether it hinders the use of carbon brush.3. Pay attention to whether the fixing bolts of the copper wire are stable and whether the fixing method hinders the use of the carbon brush.4. There shall be no oil stain on the friction surface of carbon brush and rotating parts.
What's the Carbon Footprint on Internet Usage?
That depends on your power source, and the power source of your internet server. However, in most households, I would guess it's on a par with lighting (unless the house has put in all LED lighting or something), and considerably less than cooling. And even if the electricity is generated entirely by coal, it's probably also at least a bit behind the carbon footprint of a car that sees even moderate usage.1. I need a light for my 10 gal?If you have a standard incandescent hood, you can replace the bulbs with 6700K fluorescents that screw in the same socket. Marineland has hidden LED lighting in the right Kelivin that is submersible and can grow plants, and I have heard the Marineland double brights will grow java moss and other very low light plants. The plant LEDs are ultra expensive. LEDs are definitely cooler running2. Where can I get circular whiteboards?If you use a search engine that promotes business links (such as Bing) you should find several suppliers under the search "whiteboard circle magnetic" - even if these suppliers do not have what you are looking for in stock, I saw several that offer to make custom products. You might also approach a small, local, cabinet shop to see if they would be willing to make them. Circular whiteboards could be made by anyone with a router, the whiteboard stock can be bought right off the shelf, and easily cut to specification. Just a note to those who have not worked with this material before, a router will provide a cleaner cut than even the best jigsaw blade...I personally would use a carbide router bit with a downward spiral to prevent even the smallest chipping or tearout. But you want a magnetic whiteboard, so that's going to require a bit more to make, if you do not buy one. Specifically, you would need a magnetic layer, under the whiteboard surface. This could be done by gluing the core material, a thin sheet of steel, and a sheet of white, smooth laminate (no texture on it). This is something that could be done by a custom woodwork shop, or cabinet shop....'most' folks who use their garages as a woodshop would not have the necessary tooling. One other source you might try is a local school with a tech skills class....you may be able to get a student to make these for you, if you provide the materials. An alternative to a magnetic whiteboard would be magnetic chalkboard paint. You can purchase magnetic chalkboard paint, and apply it to a smooth core material, or chalkboard paint onto a steel sheet. (I would use a spray gun to apply, to get the best results, and do not forget to prime first). Here is an idea for the game 'box frame' art you have on your blog too.... you will get more would epth' and 3 dimensional look if you use sheets of clear acrylic (i.e. perspex, plexiglass, or "Lexan"). Some or all of the art could be painted directly onto the acrylic sheets, or you might print the art onto clear pages instead of paper, or cardstock. (I've used the sheets for overhead projectors like this, in a standard inkjet printer). One added touch - attach some LED lights to the edge of the acrylic, inside the box frame, to light up the project. The overhead projector pages can be found at most office supply stores, and the LED lighting can be found at a variety of sources, in a variety of styles. I would go with something I could use on a battery myself, just to avoid having an exposed cord. Rockler is a supplier to the woodworking industry, both commercial and for the individual, and they carry many of the materials I've mentioned here. Outwater Plastics is another supplier, and I know they've got an assortment of LED lighting available. Have Fun3. will green peppers grow under shop lights with the right fluorescent bulbs?No. You would need much more intense light. The plants may grow a little, but they will eventually get very leggy/spindly and collapse. I doubt they would flower at all, much less fruit. You would need to use a halide grow bulb (or panel, if you are up to trying LED lighting) with other reflective gear to maximize exposure. You would probably also need to hand pollinate the flowers once they bloomed.
Counting the Carbon Cost of the EU's Woods
BRUSSELS (Reuters) - What do olives stones shipped from the Mediterranean to Sweden and a wooden bed have in common? They can both count as part of EU efforts to limit the amount of carbon leaking into the atmosphere and, as such, they are hotly contested. Increasingly, the 27-member bloc, which has sought to lead the fight against global warming, is relying on biomass - covering anything from olive waste to old blackcurrant bushes to trees - to generate heat and power. For the purposes of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, biomass used as fuel is counted as carbon-neutral. The underlying assumption is its emissions are offset by the planting of a new tree. Felled wood, until burnt, is a carbon store. The reality is much more complicated, say environmentalists, who are concerned creative accounting is belying the true state of the worlds forests, while EU climate goals slip from grasp. Youre assuming the whole world has started reducing emissions from its own use and is improving its land management and thats a total fantasy, Pieter de Pous, policy director at the European Environmental Bureau, said. Demand for biomass, most commonly in the form of wood pellets that can easily be transported, has leapt since the EU in 2007 set its 2020 climate goals, which include cutting carbon emissions by 20 percent and increasing the share of renewables in the energy mix to 20 percent. National renewable energy action plans drawn up by EU states show around 50 percent of green fuel will come from biomass. Officially, the EU is meeting its carbon cutting and renewable goals. The first danger is that shipping wood pellets and then burning them adds to, rather than lowers emissions. The point to remember is that the smoke that directly comes out of the chimney burning biomass pollutes the same as the emissions from coal, Robbie Blake, biofuels campaigner at Friends of the Earth, said. Another consequence, the wood industry says, is that the demand for wood pellets is distorting the market. The European Panel Federation, which represents makers of wood board, says costs for its raw materials have been driven up in nations, such as Germany, while use of wood for biomass is subsidized under policies to encourage renewables. It wants the carbon life-cycle of wood to be taken into account and more wood to be used in construction and furniture. The body quotes an industry estimate that a 4 percent rise in Europes use of wood as a material, rather than a fuel, would sequester an extra 150 million tons of CO2 per year. Whether treating furniture as a carbon store can help to save the planet is a moot point if it is shipped from countries where it is not accounted for at the point of harvesting. Beyond the EU rules, the United Nations Kyoto framework does not cover all nations. The United States never ratified the 1997 Kyoto pact, while Canada and Russia have said they will not set new Kyoto targets. These countries are likely to be the leading suppliers of wood, especially Russia, home to a fifth of all forests. One way or another, an awful lot of emissions from forests look like being completely overlooked, John Lanchbery, principal climate change advisor for the Royal Society for the Protection of the Birds, said. He cautiously welcomed European Commission proposals to tighten its accounting, published earlier this year and up for further debate in the final quarter. Although they dont close every loophole, they go further than U.N. rules because they aim to map the carbon consequences of changes to agricultural as well as to forestry land. But they dont set any targets for emissions or change the ETS assumption biomass-use for power is carbon-neutral. Efforts to over-rule that would be likely to meet stiff resistance from the woodiest EU nations, as well as the big utilities, which would be required to offset far more emissions through the Emissions Trading Scheme. For all the vagaries in the current accounting, there are lobbyists on both sides who do not propose abandoning biomass. Energy companies are experimenting with all energy forms. They say co-firing power stations to generate from biomass as well as coal is an easy conversion and they say it is better than just using carbon-intensive coal. The Paris-based International Energy Agency says counting up the trees will become more scientific through trial and error. Rather than focusing on these uncertainties that are not straightforward to eliminate, we think that a bottom-up approach is needed that identifies those feedstock sources and production methods with clear CO2 benefits compared to fossil resources, Anselm Eisentraut, bioenergy analyst at the IEA, said. We recommend setting up intermediate targets for bioenergy, such as doubling global bioenergy supply by 2030 in a sustainable manner. Such targets are needed to gain experience, he said. These real-life results will be extremely valuable.
Let's Talk About the Application of Thermal Conductive Silica Gel in LED Lighting Industry
Thermal conductive silica gel sheet is a widely used thermal conductive interface material. It is in the form of sheet, high pressure shrinkage, high reliability, high temperature resistance, excellent thermal conductivity and insulation, with viscosity on the surface, simple and convenient construction. It can be die-cut and punched according to the size and shape of heating devices.Heat conductive silica gel sheet is a kind of heat conductive medium material made by calendering with silica gel as the base material and adding various auxiliary materials such as metal oxides. It is usually called heat conductive gasket, heat conductive silica gel gasket, heat conductive silicon film, soft heat conductive gasket, heat conductive silica gel pad, etc. it is specially produced for the design scheme of using the gap to transfer heat and can fill the gap, It not only completes the heat transfer between the heating part and the heat dissipation part, but also plays the roles of insulation, shock absorption and sealing. It can meet the design requirements of miniaturization and ultra-thin equipment. It is a good heat conduction filling material with manufacturability and usability, and has a wide range of thickness and Application.Led thermal conductive silicon film is mainly used between aluminum substrate and heat sink, between aluminum substrate and shell, etc. Today, we mainly introduce the successful application of thermal conductive silica gel sheet in LED industry: there are many kinds of LED lamps. For indoor LED lamps, thermal conductive silica gel sheet with relatively low thermal conductivity is generally used, which can reduce the cost of the product and meet the needs of the product itself. For some outdoor high-power LED lamps, such as street lamps, the power is much higher than other indoor lamps, In order to better heat dissipation of lamps and improve the service life of lamps, thermal conductive silica gel sheets with relatively high thermal conductivity are generally used.The inherent viscosity of the heat-conducting silica gel sheet facilitates the construction. If the customer needs the heat-conducting silica gel sheet to have strong viscosity to replace the screw fixation, he can also choose to give one-sided or double-sided adhesive backing to the heat-conducting silica gel sheet. If the heat-conducting silica gel sheet needs to lock the screw, please remember to choose the heat-conducting silica gel sheet containing glass fiber cloth, which has the properties of anti puncture and anti tear. In short, the heat conductive silica gel sheet can be customized according to customer requirements to meet customer needs. It can be die-cut and punched according to the size and shape of heating devices.
7 Tips to Help You Sell Your Farm Fresh Eggs for More Money
The continuing trend of raising backyard chickens has had an unintended negative effect on those selling their extra eggs. Due to a steady supply of fresh eggs from backyard flocks and small local farms at markets, roadside stands and feed stores, egg prices are being kept artificially low. But there are some things you can do to help you sell your fresh eggs for a bit more money. When you begin to calculate your expenses - including egg cartons, labels, business cards, feed, supplements, supplies, the chickens themselves, plus their coop and run, not to mention a little something for your time, and gas to get to the market - it's often hard to sell a dozen eggs for a high enough price to simply break even. Many times, local eggs are sold for about the same price as store-bought eggs, despite being fresher and more nutritious AND laid by happy hens. And when you sell your eggs, you are not only competing against the low grocery-store prices, but also against other local sellers. Studies have shown that buyers will more likely make a purchase when you engage more than one of their senses. So by enticing potential shoppers' sense of touch, sight, sound and possibly even taste, you have a better chance at making that sale. Here are some tips to engage the senses, get your eggs to stand out from the crowd and possibly even fetch a premium price. If you are selling at a farmers' market or fair, crack an egg into a bowl to show potential buyers how great your eggs look. Eggs from chickens that eat a lot of herbs, grass and weeds will naturally have more vibrant yolks and look fresher than store-bought eggs from caged chickens. But you can bump up the wow factor of your chickens' egg yolks even more by feeding foods high in xanthophyll, a carotenoid with a naturally orange pigment. Some foods rich in xanthophyll include basil, carrots, corn, marigolds, parsley, pumpkin, red cabbage and the leaves of most green plants. Adding a pop of color to your cartons can entice buyers to your table. Raise some chickens that lay blue, green or cream-colored eggs to create some eye candy in your cartons! Chicken eggs can be a dime a dozen because of the large supply available, but there are other types of poultry that lay eggs. Duck eggs are larger than chicken eggs and thought to be to be better for baking due to their higher fat content. Tiny quail eggs are considered a delicacy and are often pickled or used by five-star chefs to top burgers or salads due to their smaller size and relative rarity. There might also be a market for turkey and goose eggs in your area - and you will likely be able to set your own price. Studies show that someone is more likely to purchase an item if they have touched or held it. Consider putting out a basket of eggs on your table and handing an egg to anyone who stops at your table. Give out free samples - let people take home an egg to try it for themselves. Hopefully, that will compel them to come back the next week to buy - if they do not buy a dozen eggs on the spot. Make your packaging unique. Instead of simply packaging your eggs in cartons and stacking them on the table, why not tie a pretty ribbon or some baker's twine around the carton and attach a wildflower or sprig of herbs? Maybe even tuck a simple egg recipe in. Or fill large baskets or metal pails with eggs and let your buyers hand select a dozen to put in their carton. And do not forget to pass out business cards. Sending each customer away with your contact information is a must to make it easy for them to locate you when they are ready to reorder. Studies have shown that chickens raised on pasture produce more nutritious eggs than chickens that never see the light of day or step foot on grass. Pasture-raised chickens have access to a more diverse diet, including a variety of forages and insects, which can lead to increased levels of vitamins A and E and omega-3 fatty acids. Other studies have shown that chickens raised on grass lay eggs that are lower in cholesterol than those raised on a commercial feed-only diet. Share this information with your potential customers by printing out a nutritional comparison on cards or handouts that they can take home with them - and be sure the handout has your contact information on it too! If possible, play a recording of chickens softly clucking with an occasional rooster crowing at your booth. The sound of happy chickens in the background will work to engage yet another sense and hopefully give your buyers the urge to bring home some farm fresh eggs! And back to sight for a minute, photographs of your chickens or a large poster showing them happily roaming a field can help reinforce the positive image of your farm and your eggs - you are putting faces and even names to the producers! Using a little creativity will give you a leg up on your competition and hopefully fetch higher prices for your delicious, fresh eggs! Also check your state Department of Agriculture's egg laws or cottage-food regulations, so you are aware of egg grading, handling and storing requirements, rules about the reuse of cartons and carton labeling regulations - including the use of such terms as organic, free-range and pasture-raised. Your local extension service should be able to point you in the right direction to get that information or you can find it online. Egg laws vary state by state.Where do they sell jacuzzi?Jacuzzis R us Sells pretty good ones ay low prices Or craigslist Has one for free in LA Go quick
Need Help Finding Kitchen Items and Sofa?
The daybed and the island appear custom made to me. Any of the kitchen redesigners should be able to replicate the island without difficulty. The "tiles" on the floor are flagstone and any slab or rock yard has them, but to use on subflooring you need them guaged so that they all lay even. You really should go to a granite yard to look at the slabs because every yard calls their granite colors by something different with a few exceptions that are industry wide (like absolute black granite because it comes from only one mine in India)1. dog urine on my sofa?I just bought this product last week. It takes EVERYTHING out. It's called Folex and you can find it at Walmart. It's cheap too2. Is my sofa ruined? Help!?!?Just in case scratch it all over. Apply the oil to make it match. This is creativity. You just might like the new look3. Bernhardt sofa back support fallen off internally. Springs OK. Any ideas how to fix the sofa?Well, hubby fixed ours by opening it up, finding the broken piece and replacing it with fresh wood and screws and like the guy earlier stated, problem solve--then he used his staple gun to put the upholstery back in place. Worked quite well and looked professional4. Is buying a sofa from Walmart a good idea?Well even Target does not sell quality furniture. We bought a 5 piece dining room table a year ago and it's scratched up. We do not use it daily, it definitely was not worth $225 and likely can not sell it. I would suggest Garage Sale, Estate Sales, Dock 86, Secondhand shops, or Slumberland had a pretty decent sale on the July 4th, I am sure they will have a great sales weekend Labor Day, We bought a chocolate chenille couch for $580 normally $900. Free Delievry.5. how can i get rid of an unwanted sofa?Place it for free on the Craiglist in the free items section. Depending on where you live someone will be there in a snap to pick it up. If you have a digital camera take pictures also and upload them on the listing. Good Luck.6. How can I save my sofa?Get a strong piece of plywood and cover it with foam batting and stick it underneath the couch cushions. It should give enough support until you can replace it. Congrats on the new home.7. how to get candle wax out of upholstry [ sofa ] ?ummm...sarah has a point...but with something that is as fragile as micro-fiber I think personally I would allow the wax to completely harden and pull up as many pieces as I could as carefully as I could . Just so you do not over stretch the fabirc and cause raised spots. you could gently scrape away the rest. If there is still some in the couch...look up the manufacturers recommendations with water. If its okay with water, then use an ice cube to freeze more of it off. Or, you could even just put the ice in a ziplock bag and just do it that way. I would not take an iron to the couch...microfiber is a bit too satin-y for that. Just work slowly and carefully...and keep at it. Good luck.8. How to make Sofa seats "higher"?You could raise the sofa by placing concrete blocks under all 4 corners. Then get some boards & cover them in fabric or paint them or stain them & place them like a "skirt" under the 3 sides of the sofa. You could even give it an industrial look by using metal sheets or gridwork. As for the cushions, you do not say if they are attached or loose. If they are loose, hopefully they are zippered. In which case you will go to a fabric store & buy some dacron sheets & wrap the cushions with the sheets using a spray glue so it does not shift. Use a dry cleaning bag over the cushion to get it to slide easily back into the cover. Using dacron will probably be a lot less expensive than buying new foam cores, but look into that also - just find an upholstery outlet in your area. You can also just put boards under your cushions, but that will just feel firm, not more comfortable. If your cushions are attached there is not much you can do. You can always look for a sofa on craigslist, but just be sure that you disinfect it.
Can I Heat an Outside Chicken Coop with an Underground Heating System?
Can I heat an outside chicken coop with an underground heating system?go too: Heatinghelp.com (it might be .net or ? but try that) You want to find a place called, "The Wall" it is a place just like this where you can post your question. Simply: Yes you can.. but it depends on your heat source to heat the water? Existing boiler? Wood stove etc... I think it would be a great idea to do. YOu could even run a line under their nests if they are off the ground... not too hot now.. just enough to warm the toosh on those reall cold nights! I have seen dog houses heated etc.... You can use Pex pipe, circulator, expansion tank... basic fittings... you will have too have a basic knowledge to put it together and you can find the information at that sight. Just incase they have changed another search point or name would be: Dan Holohan, Hydronic heat, Wethead,,,,, any one of those should pull his site up. Good luck, great idea... it may cost a bit but why not ..— — — — — —What Is a Radiant Floor Heating System?Radiant heat is not exactly a new idea. Turkish and Roman baths were often constructed on raised floors so warm air could circulate underneath and keep things comfortable. Incorporating radiant heating systems into modern dwellings did not become popular, however, until the mid 20th century. Radiant heat has many advantages over other central heat systems, such as forced air, but installation cost is not one of them, especially if you want to add radiant heat to an existing structure. This can be an expensive alternative. However, radiant heat can be one of the most environmentally friendly heating options when used in conjunction with solar heating panels. What Is Radiant Heat? Hydroponic Radiant Floors Unlike in a Turkish bath, the radiant heat in a modern system comes from pipes or electric heating elements embedded in the floor or installed in the joists underneath. In a hydronic system, water circulates through a boiler, which maintains it at a temperature warm enough to heat the floor. This type of system is less costly to operate than an electric system, especially if you supplement the energy source needed to heat the water by using solar panels. The pipes that carry the heated water in a hydronic system are often embedded in concrete, because concrete is a good thermal conductor. The pipes in older systems are usually copper, but newer systems employ polyethylene (PEX) tubing, which is more versatile and easier to install. PEX tubing can even be installed in existing joists, so it is possible to have radiant heat under your hardwood or tile floor without having to tear it up. Electric Radiant Heat The elements in an electric radiant heat system are typically embedded in mats that go between the subfloor and the floor covering. The best time to install these is when you are replacing the floor covering. If your floor is not due for replacement anytime soon, you can also buy mats that fit between the joists and install them from underneath the floor. Three Types of Hydronic Systems You can choose from three different hydronic heating systems: closed, open or heat exchange. Closed system. The boiler is dedicated to the heating system. The main advantage of this type of system is that you can use antifreeze instead of water as the circulating fluid. Antifreeze is less corrosive than water, which is good for the boiler, and it's also more efficient at transferring heat. Open system. The boiler supplies hot water to bathrooms and kitchens as well as the heating system. You save money because you only need one water heater. Heat exchanger. A heat exchange system combines the benefits of both open and closed systems. The pipes that supply the radiant heat system pass through the main water heater, but they are sealed and usually circulate antifreeze instead of water. And you can get creative with a heat exchange system and tie it to a solar heating panel. The pipes from the panel can circulate antifreeze through the water heater as well as the floor, lowering your water heating costs while also providing heat for the house. Pros and Cons of Radiant Heat On the plus side, a radiant heating system puts the heat exactly where you need it-under your feet. As the warm air rises, the room quickly becomes uniformly and comfortably warm without the drafts and convection currents associated with forced air. Another advantage over forced air is that a radiant system has fewer moving parts. The only components you have to service are the boiler-which can double as a hot water heater for the bathroom in a pinch-and the circulation pump, which is a relatively inexpensive item. You will be happy you have radiant heat when the power goes out during a winter storm, because the floor retains heat for a few hours. The main drawback of radiant heat is its installation cost. This probably is not a problem if you are already building or renovating. But if you are not , the cost, which can approach $9.00 per square foot in a smaller house, can definitely be a factor. Another disadvantage is that a radiant heating system does not work well as a cooling system. If you need both heating and cooling, it's usually best to go with a forced air system. As far as electric radiant heat is concerned, it's best suited as a supplement to your existing heating system. It consumes too much electricity to make it practical as a stand-alone heating system for the entire home. Compatible Floor Coverings Not all floor coverings conduct heat well enough to work with radiant heating systems. The best choice is ceramic tile, which conducts heat as well as concrete. Laminate and stone flooring, as well as solid and engineered hardwood, are also suitable. Carpeting and vinyl flooring, however, are not good choices. These materials are poor conductors of heat, and are more likely to trap heat than to allow it to radiate into the room. Should I Go with Radiant Heat? If you are building a new house or you are considering a major renovation, radiant heat should definitely be on your list of options, particularly if the house has high ceilings. The best time to install a radiant heat system is when you are building the floors. Adding radiant heat to an existing structure is more labor-intensive and expensive, but it might make sense if you already have a large, underused water heater in good condition. Keep in mind that you do not need radiant heat in every room. You will probably want it in the bedrooms, bathrooms and living room, but hallways, closets and laundry rooms do not need the extra warmth. If you are on the fence, you can always give radiant heat a test run by purchasing an under-carpet heating mat. This provides the same type of warmth you would get from an actual radiant heating system, and the installation costs are zero.
How Can I Get My Foundation Brush Clean?
You will need not just water but also facial foam as well. Apply a dab of your usual facial wash to your palm and swish the wet brush in the hand in circles. You will see the facial foam changing colour to your foundation. Keep adding and washing off the facial wash until the water runs clear. Leave your brush to dry overnight naturally1. best MAC foundation brush that.....?150. It's fluffy enough to actually pick up the powder and be gentle on your face, but it's dense enough to actually deposit color without making you look like you just dunked your face in a bowl of powder. I totally feel where you are coming from here. I had a 187 and a kabuki brush for a really long time, so if I needed that medium amount of coverage, I was kind of screwed. Haha, for a while, I would use my kabuki, but only put powder on half of it. It worked pretty well, if you want to give that a try. But then I bought a 150, and it's just about all I use now. I use my 187 for Mineralize skinfinishes and blush now. Hope this helps!2. Please answer! How do I apply liquid foundation with an essence of beauty foundation brush without streaks?That results in streaks. You need to use a light hand. Use a feathary technique3. Does anyone know a good foundation brush?Mac has some good brushes and why dont you just check em out over line and get the prices4. How do you apply foundation with a brush on forehead?If you are using liquid foundation, one way to do it would be to dot your forhead with foundation and blend it in a downward motion to your nose. Make sure to use light steady strokes of the foundation brush. I hope you like this method and hope it works out for you.5. I have 2 URGENT questions....?1) It would probably be best if you did not . Lip gloss stays gooey and it might run into your eyes. Trust me, just go without until you get a new tube of mascara. 2) Basic brushes to own: Foundation brush, powder brush, blush brush, and fluffy eyeshadow brush. That should keep you covered until you decide you want to do something a bit more complex with your makeup. Good luck!6. How can I clean my MAC foundation brush?Foundation Brush Mac7. When you apply foundation with a brush does it change the coverage?Brush can give you thicker coverage whilst blending in the foundation, using your fingers you get a lighter coverage. If you decide to use a foundation brush I really like MACs 190 Brush, it is expensive put worth it.8. How do you clean a foundation brush?i use shampoo on mine as for the drying you need to blot out as much water as possilbe and then leave it to air dry. Mine are normally dry the next morning. Plus I only wash my once a week. That is what my makeup consultant told me9. Has anyone out there purchased MAC make-up?yeap..most of their items are sold separately...but sometimes(once in a blue moon,rather..) they sell it in a set...which is much much cheaper compared to wen u buy the exact items separately..(eg.studio fix foundation compact powder foundation brush - in a cute cosmetic pouch).. so u have to keep a look out for it..or call & enquire the MAC counters abt it. i dun noe if they hav it in ur country..but they hav it in Singapore. =) cheers.10. I really need a good liquid foundation brush!!?Mac brushes are the best!!11. What is the best way to apply cream makeup?I am going to disagree quite a bit here, and this is going to make sense if you use a pricey cream foundation. By using a sponge or beauty blender, you will waste quite a bit of product. My advice is to apply with clean fingers, and use a sponge, beauty blender or foundation brush to blend in the edges, if necessary.12. What's the best liquid foundation/concealer? And what's the best foundation brush?You might like this one Coastal Scents Professional Camouflage Concealer Palette. * 10 Concealers * Can be used by all ages and skin tones * Cream concealers * Very blendable
My Boyfriend Wants to Get Married? We Known Each Other for a Year?
My boyfriend wants to get married? We known each other for a year?You are a pig and you do not deserve him— — — — — —Need help with Guinea Pig.?guinea pigs are very sociable. if you arent planning on getting another, you need to be prepared to spend good quality time with this pet. right now, he sounds lonely and is stressed out because of his new home. he should get over this soon, but if not, or if he stops eating, try the vet--they may advise you to get a second, which you should do early on, before the pig is grown. Some fun things to do with a pig are feeding them treats like carrots, letting them play inside cereal boxes, taking them outside on a leash, and talking to them--most will "answer" back with happy squeaks!— — — — — —Guinea pig squeaking- good or bad?this is the sound a pig makes— — — — — —Have any of you been a compulsive eater?well i dont like finishing my food frist cause it makes me fell like a pig— — — — — —Which breed of pig is best to keep as a pet?It is never a good idea to buy a pet for another person without their knowledge or consent. They may have plans for the future that you are not aware of that do not involve owning that animal, and the animal will likely end up in a shelter. That being said, for an indoor pet, the only really practical pig to keep is a pot belly. They still get anywhere from 75 to 150 lbs, require more care and details than I could fit in this box, and live 10 to 15 years. There are smaller pigs but they are rare / endangered. A Pig will Completely tear up the garden, so she will need fencing to keep it out. She will also need dedicated outdoor space for the pig to roam around and root safely. If piggy is not allowed to root outdoors, piggy will do it indoors. Before buying a pig make sure to check local zoning ordinances for her county and state. Usually available online, at the local public library, or at the county business offices. Also before buying it find a vet in her area that will commit to treating pot belly pigs, you can not just assume the local vet will know pot belly pigs. They require vastly different medical treatment from farm pigs. Cost will Vary from location to location. Expect to pay anywhere from 50 - 200 for the pig if you buy it local, 500 to 600 plus shipping if you use an online breeder. One Bag of Food should be around 15-25 bugs at a local farm supply store and will last a few months. Pigs are social creatures but you do not need more than one pig. Mine keeps great company with our cat.— — — — — —What is the most dirtest funniest joke you have ever heard!?A pig fell in the mud— — — — — —How do I save money? ?Give it to a Pig to keep safe— — — — — —Pig IslandPig Island may refer to: Pig Island (Exuma), the Bahamas Pig Island (Newfoundland and Labrador), Canada Pig Island, New Zealand, in Lake Wakatipu Pig Island (Ottawa, Canada) Pig Island, County Down, a townland in County Down, Northern Ireland Pig Island (Queensland), Australia Pig Island (novel), a British thriller novel "Pig Island" (song), a song by Sandra Boynton and Michael Ford— — — — — —am i turning into a muslim?try first to turn from a pig to a human , then go choose a religion— — — — — —How do you make a homemade football?They used to make them out of animal bladders. Yes, like when they butchered a pig or sheep— — — — — —How do you think the Great Khali would fare as a rugby player?Good scrummager but about as fast as a pig in reverse— — — — — —Do you think this image captures the moment?i wonder if they are pig farmers happy as a pig in .— — — — — —I am thinking about getting a guinea pig and I wondered if their bite hurts?Having raised guinea pigs because i became into knee severe to a hopper, i got here across that not all pigs are going to tame down. My first journey became into with 13 of those critters and maximum all of them weeet weeet weeet each and each time I opened the crisped drawer of the refrigerator, it incredibly is using the fact they knew that i became into getting them lettus, carrots, celery. besides as feeding them a good bowl of alfala pellets that keeps to be crammed each and all of the time, they will grow to be your chum authentic rapid that way and you will maximum possibly get bored of listening to them yet. .I also have a pig right now and he will weet weet at me yet run like heck as quickly as I attitude the cage. as quickly as he's out, he will come working to me and snuggle authentic close for risk-free practices while he spooks which brings up the actuality of guinea pigs. . information.enable them to hearken to the crisper drawer and you saying the comparable element each and each time dazzling formerly you supply him that handle and he will weeet weeet weeet swifter than you would be wanting. I constantly say hereeee pig pig pig repeatedly, the full time additionally, for some reason this is not good to maintain your pig interior 20 ft of your T. V. there are sounds and tones that injury their ears and scares them. i am hoping I helped you. there is not something worse than loving something that would not love you decrease back
My Mom Won't Let Me Go to School Tomorrow?
I have never been in a situation like this but ill try. Try and see if your dad will be able to take care of you sister. If your mom wont accept that then try and reason with maybe going half of the day (you should still be able to turn in your exam reviews) and just bring a note saying why you were late (like personal reasons that usually works) if that doesnt work try talking to your dad. I mean you could always sneak out but ur mom would be really mad. Maybe tell her you cant get an A if you dont go tomorrow. Good Luck i hope you get to go. :)1. Do you think you're going to have school tomorrow?I do not have school on Wednesdays2. i want to bring my whey protein shake to school, can i just make the whey protein shake for school tomorrow?No, it is going to clump up and turn into a mud like substance. Mix it when you are ready to use it3. First day of school tomorrow, can't sleep, help please?I can never sleep the night before the first day either. But I am sure a lot of people wo not know each other at your school, and you will have no problem finding friends. I am starting high school Wednesday and I only know about five people. Whenever I can not sleep, I make a small playlist of my favorite songs and fall asleep listening to it. I use earbuds and they probably fall out as soon as I turn over, but the music distracts my mind and I pay attention to the words instead of my thoughts. Put your iPod under your pillow so it can not fall during the night. Also, use a cheap pair of headphones/earbuds in case you roll over on them or something. For me, it also helps to just envision a completely black space. Good luck! Get off the internet as soon as you read this (but after you pick this as best answer;).4. What should I wear to school tomorrow? Best for 10.?Going for a sexy-sophisticated look? You should wear a black mini skirt with no type of design so that the focus goes to your frilly, semi-colorful blouse/top. Since you are blonde, a forest green would look really great but that's just an idea. Make sure the top is sleeveless so that you can throw on a business-type of jacket which is a darker shade. Black, dark grey, purple, all depending on the shirt you chose. You can wear gladiater sandals or if you want an extra touch and you are that type of girl, nice heals. Just do not make this look like you are trying too hard. I am 14, so I understand. Good luck!! (:.5. what shall i wear to school tomorrow?you shall wear soomething very flattering...maybe some jeans a cute top & some ballet flats. You should wear your hair kind of curly with a skinny headband. That would look so cute!!.6. I've been using Tazorac (a retinoid) and my skin is peeling I have school tomorrow, how do I hide this or makeTry using a penis health creme every day. If you get a good creme containing vitamins and nutrients, you will stop that peeling in its tracks! Good luck!7. Poll: what are you gonna wear to school tomorrow?A Ramones shirt tucked into a high- waisted black skirt that has floral print with shear tights and my black booties. I will probably wear my hair down and messy, kinda like my profile pic8. What to wear to school tomorrow?dark wash skinny jeans 1 pink graphic tshirt/patriotic jerse gold sandal bracelets necklace earrings that are silver. hope this helps!9. What to wear for first day of school tomorrow?WEAR THE OPTION#1 :) FOR EYESHADOW USE LIGHT PINK U CAN STILL USED EYE SHADOW JUST B EXTRA CAREFUL N ACCESORIES A NICE BRACELET OR NICE NECKLEES UMMM RINGS BELT? CLIPS 4 UR HAIR? EARINGS ?10. What Shall I Wear To School Tomorrow?I would wear a pink tee shirt from Hollister or any other store with skinny jeans and your Real Brown UGGS. This is what I am wearing to school tomorrow!
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