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In our modern world, glass is an every day part of life, but this was not always so.

The elegant and ethereal medium known as "glass" is simply and basically made of and or silica and a flux; sodium ... In our modern world, glass is an every day part of life, but this was not always so. The elegant and ethereal medium known as "glass" is simply and basically made of and or silica and a flux; sodium or potassium. These elements fuse together when melted at a very high temperature, resulting in the product readily recognised as glass. Glass is an ancient invention, having been produced for the past 5000 years and particularly since the development of techniques in the 18th century. The first glass makers were found in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, 5000 years ago with examples of this early glass surviving today. At the time, it was seen as a very exotic product and study has shown that the simple techniques used were held as secret by those ancientartisans. The first glass products were rather crude bottles and flasks, produced bymoulding the basic shape from mud. The modelled shape was held by inserting a short metal rod into one end with the shape then dipped into molten glass thus forming the "core" of the flaskshape. Long molten threads of glass, known as "canes",were then wound around this basic shape until the flask or bottle was complete. Before its fall, Egypt held the monopoly on glassmaking throughout the known world. When the Romans invaded Egypt, they quickly adopted the glass making secrets discovered. It was, in fact, the Romans who continued the development of glass making with the introduction of glass blowing, around the 1st centuryBC. It was from this Roman development of glass making that led to the production of glass through out the Western world. In the meantime, the Chinese had discovered glass which, in ancient China, was attributed with special properties such as the ability to keep evil spirits away. It was also considered to have healing properties being associated with gemstones and crystals, however, prior to the 17th century,the Chinese found little use for this product. It should be remembered that, up until the 19th century, architecture worldwide used very little glass inwindows, withthe Chinese favouring sheets oftranslucent paper. Nor was glass required for storage purposes due to China's highly developed andrefined production ofporcelain. While China had been producing glass since about 700 BC with various small glass workshops operating throughout the country, most of these workshops with their small random outputs, were short lived. It is also apparent that glass did not rateImperial patronage until the late 17th century with the Kang Xi Emperor (1662-1722)establishing the first state glass factory as anImperial workshop in 1696. The workshopwas locatedwithin the palace walls of theForbidden City and was staffed with the best craftsmen to be found inChina. Thebeautiful Chinese glass, so well known in the West as "Peking glass", was in fact, introduced tothe Chinese by a 17th centuryGerman Jesuit missionary priest. The missionarysupervised the establishment of the Imperial workshop and brought many Western techniques of glass and enamel work to the Chinese court. As a result,Peking glass has been correctly described as a "stepchild" in the greatfamily of Chinese decorative arts. Interestingly, it was the introduction of snuff, or, finely powdered tobacco, that led to the establishment of the Imperial workshop. When Europeans first arrived in China, not only did they discover new and exciting things, but the Chinese, equally unaware of the Western world, discovered ideas new to China and snuff taking was one of them! Due to the fast developing habit of using snuff at the Imperial court and it quickly gaining popularity in high society, glasssnuff bottles were produced. The Imperial workshop commencedproduction of tiny bottles specifically, for the purpose of containing snuff or powdered tobacco being for use by the Imperial family, or, givenas gifts to civil and military ministers of the Imperial court and foreign diplomats. A Chinese "Peking Glass" table lamp, the lamp of typical thick walled, heavy construction, weighing just over 4 lb / 1.8kg. The mustard yellow lamp standing on a custom made, gilt wood base and seated in a gold plated bronze ring, the lamp fitted with a gold plated bronze cap. Circa 1900. Overall height (including shade) 22"56cm These early productionswere monochromes or, single colours in Imperialegg yolk yellow, ruby red and opaline green. They were of simple shape, or,''scholar's taste'', ranging from plainto highly decorative pieces with multicolored glass overlays, the glass beingeither carved or faceted. Overlay glass was laterdeveloped. This involved dipping a glass item into a vat of molten glass of contrasting colour. The shape was then cooled, requiring a 3 day period after which it was decoratively carved revealingthe original coloured layer ofglass. Glass carvingis a lengthy and tedious process, bothtime consuming and labour intensive. The final shaping and polishingis done by hand in thetraditional jade-cutting process of methodical grinding and polishing. The Peking glass lamp illustrated is a single color example and was produced by repeatedly dipping the glass shape into a vat of molten glass until the required shape was produced and finally finished and polished. Today, Peking glass is found in many forms both functional and purely decorative. The Antique & Vintage Table Lamp Co specialise in antique lamp lighting with an on-line range of over 100 unique , antique lamps. Lamps are shipped ready wired for the US the UK and Australia. For more information you are invited to visit their web site at:- www.antiquelampshop.com The Antique & Vintage Table Lamp Co 2009

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Bedside Table Lamp DIY Detailed Tutorial
It's cold recently and it's raining all day. At this time, it's best to hide in bed and read under a quilt at night. At this time, I thought of making a small table lamp before.It is decided to operate on it and then upgrade it to meet its own requirements:1. You can read in bed;2. It can create an atmosphere for the room;3. It won't be too dazzling when you get up in the middle of the night.Material Science:Of course it's the small table lamp aboveOne batteryDiscarded star master shellFour colorful LED lamps1 ordinary small bulb1 CD1 hard disk3 switches1 power interface (for charging)Several conductorsSeveral screws。..。..。..。.Start[night running] the DVD disc of the series is useless after reading it. It can be used as a painted LED light panelIt's sprayed with flashing silver. The LED should work well on itDrill holes and install colorful LED lights and bracketsFind the optical fiber interface and install it on the CD as a bracketThis is the small table lamp made beforeAfter removal, only use the hose and the above partsKnow this!! By the way, it's a hard disk. It's better than a mirrorAlso drill holes, install the other side of the optical fiber interface as a support, and connect the pipe, which is a little like itCut the plastic cylinder into two sides. I just want the short one at the bottomThe original one is too transparent and smooth. Use sandpaper for sandingIt looks much better. The light is softer and won't be too dazzlingThis is the abandoned star master shell with holes on four sides, including colorful LED light switch, ordinary bulb switch, small table lamp switch and a charging portThis is placed on the front as a small table lamp switchConnect four colorful LED lights in parallel. Can you understand the above figureAt the base of the shell, a gap is opened at the original battery position to insert the batteryWhen all parts are connected, the circuit is very simple and should be understood, that is, the three lights have independent switches and are connected with the charging port at the same timeBase part, one boat switch, two self-locking switches and one charging portThis 3.7 battery is 530mah. I have only this one on hand. I have the opportunity to change it to a larger capacity,Pay attention to the upper limit current resistance, so that the LED lamp will not burn or cause light failure when it is fully charged.The base is connected to the shell. Hehe, the wires are a little messyThis is a small light bulb. It won't be too dazzling at night. Just rely on itPut it all on. It's taken from above. It's a bit like what.positiveLet's start:This is a small desk lamp. It's used for reading at the head of the bedIt's very brightThen turn on the effect of colorful LED lights, greenTurn blueTurn off the colorful LED, turn on the small table lamp and turn on the small bulbThe effect of only turning on the small light bulb is relatively soft when you get up at night. It won't be too dazzlingOnly the colorful LED light is on. It changes color slowly. It has an atmosphere when it is very dark at nightLook at the effectLet's have an animated lookZoom in againThe dynamic effect is quite dazzlingThe effect of fully opening the fire and opening the three switches at the same timeMake an animated versionHow about the effect as long as you have the spirit of DIY and make more use of the combination of things around you, you can also make your own unique works.
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